Austria - General Information
- 1 Country Name
- 2 National Railway System
- 3 Language
- 4 Currency
- 5 UIC code
- 6 Timetable
- 7 Maps
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Other Railways
- 10 Tourist Lines
- 11 Metro
- 12 Trams
- 13 Recent and future changes
- 14 Special notes
- 15 See also
National Railway System
National Railway Operator
Österreichische Bundesbahnen (ÖBB).
German, which differs in certain respects from the version spoken in Germany.
numeric 81; alpha A.
ÖBB no longer publish a complete printed timetable, but do issue timetable booklets for each route (usually available only in the area in question). Table numbers can be found from this route plan.
This page provides a pictorial map giving the location and type of engineering work and other incidents for ÖBB, and also significant events on neighbouring railway administrations.
A map of the network showing the locations and dates of engineering works in 2016, by quarter, is present here.
A map of the network showing the locations and dates of engineering works in 2017, by quarter, is present here.
The summer provides opportunity for engineering work which can result in sections of line being closed, with and buses substituted, for many weeks: it pays to check carefully.
- “Eisenbahnatlas Österreich”, the second edition of which (ISBN 3-89494-138-3) was published in 2010 by Verlag Schweers + Wall GmbH, similar to atlases from the same publisher for Germany, Italy & Slovenia, and Switzerland.
- European Railway Atlas: Denmark, Germany, Austria, Switzerland by M.G. Ball (1993) (ISBN 0-7110-2116-3)
- European Railway Atlas by M.G. Ball (2008 onwards)
- An overall system map dated 2015/16 is provided at .
- Sporenplan has a number of on-line schematic track diagrams. Click on "Sporenplannen" on the left hand side for a map showing the countries covered.
- Thorsten Büker's Map of Austria and Map of Vienna.
- Maps and Plans - Austria
Infrastructure is owned and managed by a public authority, ÖBB-Infrastruktur AG.
The Network Statement page gives access to the latest network statements.
ÖBB is entirely standard gauge. Various private lines are narrow gauge, as noted below.
15 kV 16.7 Hz. Electrification systems used by private lines are noted below. The following cross-border routes with Hungary are electrified at the Hungarian standard 25 kV 50 Hz:
- between Ebenfurth and Deutschkreutz via Sopron (Ebenfurth station area can be switched between the two voltages);
- between Neusiedl am See (exclusive) and Fertöszentmiklós (the electrification boundary is a few hundred metres south of Neusiedl station).
Rule of the road
Many lines are single track and most double track railways are signalled for reversible working. Most double track lines in Austria operate with right-hand running, although many lines in the east of the country once operated with left-hand running, a hangover from the days of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Wien to Graz line still operates with left-hand running south of Payerbach-Reichenau.
ÖBB intends to convert most of the remaining lines, although conversion of Mürzzuschlag - Bruck a d Mur - Graz (where major investment would be required) is likely to be related to the Südstrecke project. The only other line with left-hand running is Wien FJB - Tulln - Absdorf-Hippersdorf, which is an isolated section of double track.
The best source is the “Eisenbahnatlas Österreich”; see #Printed Maps.
Table numbers in the Fahrpläne Österreich are shown in brackets
- Graz-Köflacher Eisenbahn: Graz Hbf – Köflach and Wies-Eibiswald (550) www.gkb.at
- Montafonerbahn AG: Bludenz – Schruns (420). Electrified 15 kV 16.7 Hz www.montafonerbahn.at
- NÖVOG (Niederösterreichische Verkehrsorganisationsges.m.b.H.)www.noevog.at A timeline of NÖVOG's entry into railway operation can be found here.
- St Polten Hauptbahnhof – Mariazell Mariazellerbahn (115) (760mm gauge) Electrified at 6.6 kV 25 Hz.
- Waidhofen an der Ybbs – Gstadt bei Waidhofen Citybahn Waidhofen (132) (760mm gauge) Electrified
- Puchberg am Schneeberg – Hochschneeberg Schneebergbahn (523) (Metre gauge, rack operated) www.schneebergbahn.at
- Gmünd NÖ – Groß Gerungs Waldviertelbahn (801) (760mm gauge)
- Gmünd NÖ – Litschau and Heidenreichstein Waldviertelbahn (802) (760mm gauge)
- Krems an der Donau - Emmersdorf an der Donau Wachaubahn (811)
- Retz - Drosendorf Reblaus Express (941)
- Raab-Oedenburg-Ebenfurter Eisenbahn AG: An international railway in joint Austrian and Hungarian ownership, better-known by its Hungarian name, Györ-Sopron Ebenfurti Vasút (GySEV). Raab and Oedenburg are the German names for Györ and Sopron respectively. The line from Ebenfurth to Sopron is electrified at 25 kV 50 Hz and used by dual-frequency ÖBB trains between Sopron and Wien Südbf. GySEV also owns the line between Sopron and Györ, which is entirely in Hungary and electrified at 25 kV 50 Hz. www.raaberbahn.at
- Ebenfurth – Sopron (512)
- Neusiedl am See – Fertószentmiklós (731).
- Salzburg AG: www.salzburg-ag.at
- St Wolfgang Schafbergbahnhof – Schafbergspitze SchafbergBahn (Salzkammergutbahn GmbH) (173) (metre gauge, rack operated) www.schafbergbahn.at/en_uk.html
- Salzburg Hauptbahnhof (platforms 11 and 12) - Lamprechtshausen Salzburger Lokalbahn( 210). Electrified 1000 V dc. www.slb.at
- Bürmoos – Trimmelkam – Ostermeithing Salzburger Lokalbahn (210). Electrified 1000 V dc. www.slb.at
- Zell am See – Krimml Pinzgauerbahn (230) (760 mm gauge) www.pinzgauerlokalbahn.at
- Steiermärkische Landesbahnen: www.stlb.at
- Gleisdorf – Weiz Stadt (531) Electrified 1000 V dc
- Feldbach – Bad Gleichenberg (532) Electrified 1000 V dc
- Peggau-Deutschfelstritz – Ubelbach (540) Electrified 15 kV 16.7 Hz
- Unzmarkt – Tamsweg Murtalbahn (630) (760 mm gauge) There has been some talk that this might be converted to standard gauge but no firm plans have been seen.
- Mixnitz – St Erhard (760 mm gauge) Electrified 800 V dc. This line is owned by the local railway Mixnitz-St.Erhard AG (a wholly owned subsidiary of Veitsch-Radex GmbH), and managed by STLB. It is possible to charter passenger trains or passenger coaches on freight trains.
- Weiz – Anger - Birkfeld (760 mm gauge) line sold - see Recent Changes, below
- Stern und Hafferl: www.stern-verkehr.at
- Linz Hbf – Peuerbach and Neumarkt-Kalham LILO (143) Electrified 800 V dc, operated by dual-system EMUs into Linz Hbf on 15 kV 16.7 Hz
- Lambach – Vorchdorf-Eggenberg (160)
- Vorchdorf-Eggenberg – Gmunden Seebf (161) (metre gauge) Electrified 800 V dc)
- Vöcklamarkt Lokalbahn – Attersee (180) (metre gauge) Electrified 800 V dc
- Vorchdorf-Eggenberg – Brauerei Eggenberg (freight only).
- Stubaitalbahn AG: Innsbruck – Fulpmes (320) (Metre gauge) Electrified 900 V dc. Operated by tram-style vehicles which work through on to the Innsbruck tram system at 750 V dc. www.ivb.at
- Südburgenländische Regionalbahn: Oberschützen – Oberwart – Großpetersdorf – Rechnitz (freight traffic ceased November 2011 - see press report)
- Westbahn Management GmbH: Wien Westbahnhof – Salzburg (100, 101). The first open access operator in Austria, it runs an hourly semi-fast service between Wien and Salzburg. www.westbahn.at
- Wiener Lokalbahnen AG: Wien Oper – Baden Josefsplatz (515) Electrified, 800 V dc. A long-distance tramway ("inter-urban" in north American parlance), connected to the Wien tram system. www.wlb.at
- Zillertaler Verkehrsbetriebe AG: Jenbach – Mayrhofen (310) (760 mm gauge). www.zillertalbahn.at
Various lines listed above, under Other Railways, are wholly or largely tourist operations but are not repeated here.
An English language site lists these tourist lines. Railways of the World - Austria. See under "Tourist and Museum Lines" section heading.
- Achenseebahn AG: Jenbach Achenseebf – Achensee Schiffstation. Metre gauge, rack operated. Steam worked. Does not operate during the winter. www.achenseebahn.at
- Ampflwang – Timelkam www.oegeg.at
- Wälderbähnle (Bregenzerwaldbahn) (BWB): Bezau – Bersbuch (760 mm gauge) www.waelderbaehnle.at
- Eisenerz Schaubergwerk (900 mm gauge) www.abenteuer-erzberg.at
- Erzbergbahn: Vordernberg Markt – Eisenerz www.erzbergbahn.at
- Festritztalbahn: Birkfeld – Anger – Weiz (760 mm gauge) www.feistritztalbahn.at Operated in conjunction with Club U44.
- Flascherlzug: Stainz – Preding-Wieselsdorf (760 mm gauge) www.stainz.at/stainz/zug.htm
- Club Florianerbahn: St.Florian – Pichling See (900 mm gauge) (at September 2016 had been out of service for several years but still aspiring to reopen the line) www.florianerbahn.at
- Gurkthalbahn: Treibach-Althofen – Pöckstein-Zwischenwässern (760 mm gauge) www.gurkthalbahn.at
- Höllentalbahn: Payerbach Ort – Hirschwang (760 mm gauge) www.lokalbahnen.at/hoellentalbahn
- Jochberg (Kitzbühl) Schaubergwerke Kupferplatte (600 mm gauge) kupferplatte.at/en
- Klagenfurt Museumstramway www.nostalgiebahn.at
- St.Paul – Lavamünd (operation by Lavamünder Bahn- und Betriebs GesmbH (LBB) ceased 2015 - see press report)
- Museumstramway Mariazell-Erlaufsee: Mariazell – Erlaufsee www.museumstramway.at
- Martinsberger Lokalbahn: Martinsberg-Gutenbrunn – Zwettl (no longer operate on this section - see instead Museums-Lokalbahnverein Zwettl)
- Museums-Lokalbahnverein Zwettl: Zwettl – Schwarzenau www.lokalbahnverein.at/englisch/index_e.php
- Oberwart – Oberschützen (operation by Freunde der Bahnstrecke Oberwart-Oberschützen (FROWOS) ceased after 2011 season - see press report)
- Reißeckbahn (Tauern Touristik GmbH): Schoberboden – Reißeck. 600mm gauge www.tauerntouristik.at/en/reisseck/index.php
- Rosenthaler Dampfbummelzüge: Weizelsdorf – Ferlach www.nostalgiebahn.at
- Steyrtalbahn: Grünburg – Steyr Lokalbf (760 mm gauge) www.steyrtalbahn.at
- Taurachbahn: Mautendorf – St Andrä (760 mm gauge) www.club760.at
- Ybbsthalbahn Bergstrecke: Kienberg-Gaming – Lunz am See (760 mm gauge) www.lokalbahnen.at/bergstrecke
- Regiobahn: Korneuburg – Ernstbrunn (aspiring also to resume regular service over the line) www.regiobahn.at
Rail cycling is possible on a number of lines; see the IG Draisinenfahrten website. Click on 'International', followed by 'Draisinenlinks' to obtain website details under the heading 'Draisinenstrecken in Österreich (AT)'.
Wien has a third rail U-Bahn (much of which is above ground) and several sections of overhead-electrified U-Bahn tramway with metro characteristics. A track plan is available on the Gleisplanweb site.
Track plans for the systems of Graz, Innsbruck and Wien are available on the Gleisplanweb site, and were current at summer 2016. A track plans for Linz is available on the Doprava site, although (as at September 2016) it had not been revised since 2011.
Recent and future changes
Projects under way or planned
Wien metro line U1 is to be extended, at its southern end, by 4.6km from Reumannplatz to Oberlaa, opening in September 2017; from the same date, tram 67 will cease to run south of Reumannplatz. Line U4 is to be closed between stations Längenfeldgasse and Karlsplatz in 2019 for modernisation.
Part-electrification of two branches
- 660 Klagenfurt – Weizelsdorf – Rosenbach
- 670 [Villach] Arnoldstien - Hermagor – Kötschach-Mauthen
was agreed in early 2016 by ÖBB and Kärnten Land. They will be electrified as far as Weizelsdorf and Hermagor respectively (about half their length), with closure beyond these points in December 2016. It is not known when the electrification is to be completed.
The Murtalbahn (Unzmarkt - Tamsweg) may possibly be converted to standard gauge and electrified as far as Murau. The line further west would no longer have regular trains and its future therefore uncertain.
Construction started in March 2014 of a new connecting line from the site of the relocated station at Gmunden Seebahnhof (between Gmunden Traundorf and the old Seebahnhof) to Rathausplatz. The initial section from Seebahnhof to Klosterplatz opened in December 2014. The closed section of the Gmunden town tram line from Rathausplatz to Franz Josef Platz is to be rebuilt, providing a through route between Gmundem Bahnhof and Vorchdorf-Eggenberg, which is expected to open from summer 2017. A sketch map is available.
Information (in German) about OeBB's infrastructure projects an be found at their website. The major project to improve service between Wien, Graz, Klagenfurth, Villach and Tarvisio [IT], the Südstrecke project, is due for completion in 2026. As part of this project, work continues on the Koralmbahn element, to link Klagenfurt and Graz: the 32 km Koralmtunnel is its centrepiece and target completion date for this section is 2023. The first section between Werndorf and Wettmannstätten (table 550) opened on 12 December 2010.
It is also reportedly planned to double sections of the Steirische Ostbahn (Graz – Gleisdorf – Szentgottard [HU]), but information on this is sparse: Wikipedia's Steirische_Ostbahn entry indicates a south to east Graz avoiding line (otherwise any trains between the Koralmbahn and Szentgottard would have to run round in Graz) and a possible completion in 2020. However, the project does not appear in OeBB Infra's list of projects.
Threatened passenger lines
In late 2011 OeBB presented their plans for the period to 2025, which included a wish to give up some 700 km of branch lines - either by handing to regional authorities or complete closure. Based on failing to reach a minimum threshold of 2000 passengers per day, the passenger lines identified were as listed below. Entries are preceded by their table number, and a note is given of any overt action towards closure that has been reported subsequently.
- 133 Sarmingstein – St Nikola (service now very limited)
- 142 Rottenegg – Aigen–Schlägl (see comment below)
- 153 Wels – Grünau *
- 171 Attnang-Puchheim – Reid/Innkreis – Schärding *
- 502 Spielfeld-Strass – Bad Radkersburg
- 521 Pernitz-Muggendorf – Gutenstein
- 522 Bad Fischau – Puchberg
- 524 Deutschkreutz – Neckenmarkt-Horitschon (service since withdrawn)
- (620) Bleiburg – Holmec (Slovenia) - Prevalje (operated by SŽ diesel railcars, Mondays to Fridays only)
- 660 Klagenfurt Süd – Rosenbach (electrification of section Klagenfurt - Weizelsdorf and closure from December 2016 of section thence to Rosenbach subsequently announced - see above)
- 670 Hermagor – Kötschach-Mauthen (closure from December 2016 subsequently announced - see above)
- 820 Hadersdorf – Sigmundsherberg
- 912 Gross Schweinbarth – Bad Pirawarth (reduced to Mondays to Fridays only)
- 912 Obersdorf - Gross Schweinbarth - Gänserndorf
There was speculation that the lines marked * would be privatized as part of an agreement with the regional government of Oberösterreich, along with Haiding to Aschach an der Donau (table 152), but (at September 2016) this had not come to pass.
Although the line from Rottenegg to Aigen-Schlägl (table 142), part of the branch from Linz Urfahr, is on the list, the section between Linz Urfahr and Rohrbach is planned for conversion into tram-train operation, with the rest of the line being shut. At Rohrbach a new line, 2.8 km long, will be built towards the town centre, and at Linz a new line will be built from Urfahr to Hauptbahnhof.
While not in the above official listing, the following routes have appeared on various closure "threat lists" over the years and may be considered at some risk:
- 152 Haiding – Aschach an der Donau (one nominal round trip a day only)
- 170 Bad Aussee – Stainach-Irdning
- 172 Vöcklabruck – Kammer-Schörfling
- 410 [Garmisch-Partenkirchen -] Ehrwald Zugspitzbahn – Schönbichl [- Pfronten-Steinach]
- 651 Villach – Feldkirchen – St Veit an der Glan
- 670 Arnoldstein – Kötschach-Mauthen
- 720 [Wien Hbhf -] Kledering - Sollenau (Mondays to Fridays only, with very poor loadings)
The Weiz - Oberfeistritz (Steiermärkische Landesbahnen) line was temporarily closed following the last train on 24 December 2014 owing to the poor condition of the Bachl viaduct and the Hardt-Puch tunnel. The Oberfeistritz - Birkfeld was leased to club U44, which moved all its rolling stock to the now cut off Birkfeld. However patronage fell considerably so the Steiermark Region therefore sold the entire line to the Feistritztalbahn in February 2016 for a nominal €1 and contributed €235,000 for repairs. The line reopened to passengers in April 2016.
A 2.8 km extension of the Salzburger Lokalbahn (SLB) from Trimmelkam to Ostermeithing was inaugurated on 12 December 2014.
Wien Hauptbahnhof was officially opened on 10 October 2014 (although work continued until opening of all facilities - with through services, use of newly built flyovers at the west end and diveunders at the east end - could take place). All long-distance trains from the Westbahn - which formerly used Wien Westbahnhof - now use the Lainzer tunnel and Hauptbahnhof - the replacement for Südbahnhof. The new station had been partially opened on 9 December 2012, in connection with which two U Bahn stations were renamed; Wien Südbahnhof became Quartier Belvedere, and Südtirolerplatz became Wien Hauptbahnhof. At the same time the metro station Südtirolerplatz became Südtirolerplatz-Hauptbahnhof. A new motive power and carriage depot has been built on what has been freight yard and sidings at Matzleinsdorfer Platz between Wien Süd and Meidling.
In December 2014 a flyover was opened across Kledering Yard (Wien Zvbf) to connect the Wien – Hegyeshalom line with Kaiserebersdorf. This provides a direct route between the new Hauptbahnhof and Flughafen Wien (VIE) (the airport), used twice hourly by railjet and Intercity services, as an alternative to the City Airport Train and S7 route to Wien Mitte.
The Wien Hadersdorf - Meidling – Wien Hütteldorf section of the Neue Westbahn opened to freight in late 2012 and to passenger services to Wien Hauptbahnhof in December 2014.
During 2014 the metre gauge branch from Vorchdorf-Eggenberg was slightly shortened when its terminal station, Gmunden Seebahnhof, was relocated inland, then on 14 December the line was extended a short distance from this new station to Gmunden Klosterplatz. Work is underway to connect this to the existing tram line in Gmunden town centre.
The seasonal service on the Kornueburg – Ernstbrunn branch ceased in 2014 but had resumed by 2016 with a changed operator Regiobahn
The Kammer-Schoerfling branch was cut back by around 500m in June 2014, thus eliminating 2 level crossings. A new terminal station was opened on the west side of the current line at a slightly lower level, involving around 200m of new alignment.
The Wien Liesing – Waldmühle branch, which had no booked traffic other than excursions operated by Verein Pro Kaltenleutgebnerbahn, was legally closed in January 2014 but the preservation organisation still hope to resume services in due course.
The Deutschkreutz to Oberloisdorf line, which had a limited passenger service as far as Neckenmarkt-Horitschon, was expected to close in December 2012. In the event the passenger service was reprieved at a late stage, but has since ceased, with final trains running on 28 June 2013.
The Wörgl – Baumkirchen tunnel line opened in December 2012, although signalling issues meant that, initially, it was only used by Railjet services. See Obscure Line entry AT16/7.
In September 2012 a 4km section of new alignment opened between Lambach and Breitenschützing as part of line improvements on the Wels – Salzburg route.
For more information and links on projects, see (in German) OeBB Infra's list of projects.
ÖBB is withdrawing freight services from many lines, including the entire narrow-gauge network. It has also stated that in order to cope with reduced subsidies, many passenger services will also have to be withdrawn. Campaigning groups have listed almost every non-electrified line as under threat.
The Schneebergbahn, ÖBB's mountain rack railway, was transferred in 1997 to a company in which ÖBB and the local Province had equal shareholdings, but from 1 January 2012 it became wholly owned by the province; it is now run by their operating company, NÖVOG. Regular services have been extended to the Hotel platforms at the Summit.
The light rail line to Igls, operated as an extension of the Innsbruck tram system, has been threatened with closure, but still continues to operate.
For details of older changes dating back to the year 2005 see Austria - Older General Information.
Explanations in English of Austrian (and German) railway signalling can be found here.