Border Crossings: Denmark - Germany

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(Nykøbing –) Gedser BaneDK – Warnemünde DB (– Rostock) {train ferry}

[D] Freight traffic ceased in 1994 and the passenger service between København and Berlin via this route was withdrawn in 1995.

(Nykøbing –) Rødby Færge BDK – Puttgarden DB (– Lübeck) {train ferry}

[D] Passenger trains via this route (København – Hamburg) are operated jointly by DSB and DB, and worked either by Danish diesel units which are equipped with DB Indusi signalling equipment (these are shown as EutoCity in the timetables), or by German ICE-TD units with Danish signalling equipment (shown as ICE in the timetables). Since opening of the fixed line between Korsør and Nyborg in 1997, all freight trains between Germany and Denmark, as well as overnight passenger trains, run via Padborg.

Tendering is underway for contracts to replace the train ferry with the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link, which will include the world's longest immersed tube tunnel and provide a double track railway and four lane road. Completion is due in 2028.

(Tinglev –) Padborg BDK – Flensburg DB

[E*] DSB and DB operate Aarhus – Hamburg trains jointly, with similar diesel units to those running via Rødby, since the line is not electrified between Fredericia and Aarhus. Additionally, DSB operates diesel InterCity services as far as Flensburg. Regional trains on the German side have from time to time run as far as Padborg but currently do not continue beyond Flensburg.

The few hundred metres of track between Padborg and the border are the property of Banedanmark but electrified with German 15 kV 16.7 Hz (Padborg's southern station limit is actually slightly south of the border). Most freight trains are worked with dual-frequency locomotives.

Tønder BDK – Süderlügum NEG (– Niebüll DB)

[D] The infrastructure between Niebüll and the border with Denmark is owned by Norddeutsche Eisenbahngesellschaft Niebüll GmbH (NEG). Passenger trains Esbjerg – Tønder – Niebüll are operated by Arriva Tog A/S in cooperation with NEG, with a change of driver in Tønder.

CFL Cargo Danmark used to operate freight traffic via this crossing, but there are reports that they now run via Padborg instead.

See also