Difference between revisions of "Czech Republic - General Information"
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Since 1 January 2003 infrastructure has been managed by
Since 1 January 2003 infrastructure has been managed by state organizationSpráva ([http://www.szdc.cz/en/index.html ]). 1 January 2020 the name Správa .
Latest revision as of 11:10, 23 March 2020
- 1 Country Name
- 2 National railway system
- 3 Language
- 4 Currency
- 5 UIC code
- 6 Timetable
- 7 Maps
- 8 Ticketing
- 9 Infrastructure
- 10 Other Railways
- 11 Tourist Lines
- 12 Metro
- 13 Trams
- 14 Recent and future changes
- 14.1 Projects under way or planned
- 14.2 Recent changes
- 14.2.1 Changes with the timetable commencing 15 December 2019
- 14.2.2 Changes with the timetable commencing 09 December 2018
- 14.2.3 Changes with the timetable commencing 10 December 2017
- 14.2.4 Changes with the timetable commencing 11 December 2016
- 14.2.5 Changes with the timetable commencing 13 December 2015
- 14.2.6 Changes with the timetable commencing 14 December 2014
- 14.2.7 Older Changes
- 15 Special Notes
- 16 See also
Czech Republic (Česká Republika)
National railway system
National Railway Operator
České Dráhy a.s. (ČD )
Other Railway Operators:
- PKP Cargo International a.s., Advanced World Transport
- Jindřichohradecké mistni dráhy a.s. JHMD
- PDV Railway a.s. PDV Railway
- SART-stavby a rekonstruckce a.s. SART
Open Access Carriers:
- AŽD Praha s.r.o. AŽD Praha
- CityRail, a.s. CityRail
- Die Länderbahn CZ s.r.o. DLB
- GW Train Regio a.s. GW Train Regio
- Jindřichohradecké mistni dráhy a.s. JHMD
- KPT Rail s.r.o. KPT Rail
- KŽC Doprava s.r.o. KŽC
- MBM rail s.r.o. MBM
- METRANS Rail s.r.o. METRANS Rail
- Railway Capital a.s RC
- Slezské zemské dráhy, o.p.s SZD
numeric 54, alpha CZ
Scans of historical timetables from 1988, 1944 and 1918 are available on the Zelpage website.
Železniční Jízdní Řád. After many complaints last year, all operators trains are now included. Note that the new edition has considerable revision of route/timetable numbers, in particular with the addition of Tables 001 and 002 covering the Praha - Bohumin and Brno / Kuty main line services respectively. Stopping services now appear in Tables 010 and 011. Printed in Czech throughout but with general instructions in English, German and French. Timetable supplements are issued (June 2020) but from 2019 have been only issued online. A fold-out, near-geographic route diagram is included in the timetable, and there are enlargements of the Praha, Brno and Ostrava areas.
Additional Notes on reading the Timetable
- The "crossed hammers" working days symbol means "Mondays to Fridays" and not, as for most other railways, "Mondays to Saturdays".
- Two useful symbols exist which show the booked route for trains not calling at a station: in the middle of the train column, a vertical bar "|" means that the train passes through the station without stopping, whereas a vertical 'wiggly line' ">" and "<" means that the train does not pass through that station but instead takes a different route. This must not be confused with a vertical 'wiggly line' to the left of the time, which means that the train runs only on certain days.
From ČD website Omezení provozu; select “Výluky” and then "Dnes" (today), "Zítra" (tomorrow) or "Všechny výluky", which gives details up to two weeks hence, rolling forward in date order.
It is possible to reduce the volume of information by selecting a specific route ("Trať") or region ("Kraj"), or clicking on a region on the map.
Access the IDOS website and click on the English (or German) icon (given by small flags) in the bottom right hand corner. Enquiries can specify 'train only', 'bus only' or a combination of these (the default option), plus public transport in Brno, Ostrava and Prague.
- The "Atlas Drah, Ceské Republiky 2006-2007” is a hard backed very detailed 1:200000 map by Zdenék Hudec (ISBN 80-87047-00-1), generally available in large ČD station bookstalls and Information Offices. It shows numerous freight-only lines not displayed on the Quail map and also Tram and Trolley bus system maps. However, unlike the previous edition, the indexed key of numbered highlights from each page is only in Czech.
- European Railway Atlas: Scandinavia and Eastern Europe by M.G. Ball (1993) (ISBN 0-7110-2072-4)
- European Railway Atlasand more detailed Czech Republic & Slovakia Regional Series Atlasby M.G. Ball (2015)
- The Czech Tourist Club produces a series of 95 1:50000 walking maps which are often available in station kiosks for the local area.
- The ČD website gives access to a Network map and a downloadable map showing the regional boundaries. Detailed regional maps appear only on the Czech language version website.
- The SŽDC website gives access to infrastructure maps.
- The "Atlas Drah" (see above) can also be accessed on line via the Zelpage website.
- Open Railway map. Zoom into Czech Republic and this shows lines to a much more detailed level than the "Atlas Drah".
- Thorsten Büker's Czech Map.NB Not updated since November 2011.
- Maps and Plans - Czech Republic
- mapy.cz web-based mapping showing good railway coverage
ČD offers its own All-day ticket (Celodenní jízdenka). This is much better value than the standard One Country passes and includes tickets valid on the entire network for a time period, tickets valid only at weekends and also regional tickets. In addition, in recent years a highly discounted two-week CD ticket has been available during the summer. Note that CD tickets are not generally accepted on other opererators services.
Ticket machines offering zonal fares for journeys up to 100km are installed at larger stations, and particularly near Praha. These machines take coins or prepaid smart cards.
Since 1 January 2003 infrastructure has been managed by a state organization, which is currently Správa železnic(SŽ). Prior to 1 January 2020 the name was Správa železniční dopravní cesty (SŽDC).
Access to railway infrastructure > Network Statement 2017, Network Statement 2018 or Network Statement 2019.
Standard, except for the 760 mm gauge routes from Jindřichúv Hradec to Obrataň and Nová Bystřice, and from Třemešná ve Slezsku to Osoblaha.
Generally, lines to the north and east of Praha are electrified at 3 kV DC, whereas those to the west and south of Praha are electrified at 25 kV 50 Hz. The two systems meet at
- Beroun-Kralův Dvůr, on the line between Praha and Plzeň;
- Benešov u Prahy, on the line between Praha and České Budějovice;
- Klášterec nad Ohri, near Kadaň on the line between Chomutov and Karlovy Vary;
- Kutná Hora, on the line between Kolín and Brno;
- Svitavy-Lány, on the line between Česká Třebova and Brno;
- Nezamyslice, on the line between Přerov and Brno; and
- Nedakonice, on the line between Přerov and Břeclav.
There is an isolated 1500 V dc branch in the south from Tábor to Bechyně and Retz (Austria) - Šatov - Znojmo is electrified at 15 kV AC.
The Transport ministry decided in December 2016 that SŽDC must convert all 3 kV DC lines to 25 kV AC in a programme to be implemented between 2025 and 2040. It seems Tábor - Bechyně and Šatov - Znojmo will not be converted.
Rule of the road
Right-hand. Bohumín - Břeclav converted from left-hand to right-hand running on 9 December 2012. An unusual flyover arrangement existed at the eastern end of the Přerov avoiding line to effect a changeover, now no longer required. Most double-tracked routes are reversibly signalled and often used as such.
The Network Statement for Timetable 2018 Annex B gives the total length of each line in column 5, in addition to other information.
The "Atlas Drah, Ceské Republiky 2006-2007” gives detailed distances.
The following timetable routes are operated by, and where marked by (*) the railway infrastructure is owned by, private companies.
- 024 - Ústí nad Orlicí - Mlýnický Dvůr, Lichkov - Wrocław Gł. (Leo Express Tenders)
- 025 - Dolní Lipka - Hanušovice (Leo Express Tenders)
- 026 - Adršpach - Meziměstí - Walbrzych Gł. (GW Train Regio)
- 030 - Stara Paka - Liberec (ARRIVA vlaky)
- 035 - Železný Brod - Tanvald (ARRIVA vlaky)
- 036 - Excursion trains Tanvald - Harrachov (METRANS Rail)
- 043 - Trutnov hlavní n. – Lubawka - Sędzisław (GW Train Regio, the route onwards to Jelenia Gora in Poland is operated by PKP)
- 045 - Trutnov hlavní n. - Svoboda nad Úpou (*PDV Railway / GW Train Regio/ČD)
- 046 - Lomnice nad Popelkou - Stará Paka (ARRIVA vlaky)
- 082 - Česká Kamenice - Kamenický Šenov (*KŽC Doprava / KŽC Doprava)
- 089 - Liberec - Zittau - Rybniště, Varnsdorf - Seifhennersdorf (Die Länderbahn-GmbH)
- 091 - (S49) Praha Hostivař - Roztoky u Prahy (Arriva vlaky)
- 113 - (U10) Litoměřice horní nádraží – Čížkovice - Most (*AZD Praha)
- 123 - Most - Žatec západ (Regiojet)
- 124 - Lužná u Rakovníka - Jirkov (Die Länderbahn CZ)
- 125 - (Lužná u Rakovníka –) Krupá – Kolešovice (CityRail a.s.)
- 126 - Most - Rakovník (Die Länderbahn CZ)
- 131 - Ústí nad Labem - Úpořiny - Most (RegioJet ÚK a.s.)
- 135 - Most - Osek město (Die Länderbahn CZ s.r.o.)
- 137 - Chomutov - Vejprty (Die Länderbahn CZ s.r.o.)
- 145 - (Karlovy Vary dolní nádraží)– Sokolov - Kraslice (*PDV Railway / GW Train Regio + route onwards to Klingenthal in Germany is operated by Die Länderbahn-GmbH)
- 149 - Karlovy Vary dolní nádraží – Mariánské Lázne, Krásný Jez - Horní Slavkov-Kounice (GW Train Regio)
- 164 - Kadaň-Prunéřov - Podbořany, Vilémov u Kadaně - Kadaňský Rohozec (Railway Capital)
- 186 - Svojšín - Bor (GW Train Regio)
- 194 - Českě Budějovice - Černý Kříž (GW Train Regio/ČD)
- 197 - Čičenice - Nově Údolí (GW Train Regio)
- 198 - Strakonice - Volary (GW Train Regio)
- 228 - Obrataň - Jindřichův Hradec (*JHMD)
- 229 - Jindřichův Hradec - Nová Bystřice (*JHMD)
- 233 - Čelákovice – Mochov (KŽC Doprava)
- 243 - Moravské Budějovice - Jemnice (Railway Capital)
- 280 - Vsetin - Horní Lideč - Bylnice - Střelná (Arriva vlaky)
- 282 - Velké Karlovice - Vsetín (Arriva)
- 291 - Šumperk - Petrov nad Desnou - Kouty nad Desnou and Petrov nad Desnou - Sobotin (*SART/ČD)
- 304 - Kojetín - Tovačov (Railway Capital)
- 312 - Bruntál - Malá Morávka (MBM rail)
- 313 - Milotice nad Opavou - Vrbno pod Pradědem (*PKP Cargo International/GW Train Regio)
- 314 - Opava - Svobodné Heřmanice (Railway Capital)
- 340 - Veselí nad Moravou - Uherské Hradiště (Arriva vlaky)
- 341 - Staré Město u Uh. Hradiště - Vlárský průsmyk, Újezdec u Luhačovic - Luhačovice (Arriva vlaky)
With the 2007 timetable, a number of services were withdrawn by ČD but summer only Private Operator services are timetabled, see Czech Republic - Older General Information below.
- Česká Kamenice - Kamenický Šenov. Operated by KZC “Kamenický Motoracek” Nostalgické a výletní vlaky.
- Zastávka u Brna – Babice u Rosic – Zhýšov (600mm gauge) operated by Muzeum průmyslových železnic (MPŽ).
- (Ústí nad Labem-Střekov -) Velké Březno - Zubrnice operated by Zubrnické museální železnice. Tourist railway through service operated by MBM rail s.r.o. - See and SŽDC Table T3
- Mladějov na Moravě – Nová Ves u Kunčiny – Hřebeč (narrow gauge) operated by Mladějovská Průmyslová Dráha (MPD). See www.mladejov.cz.
- Solvayovy Lomy narrow gauge tourist quarry line near Beroun. See.
- Tanvald - Harrachov (036). Tourist trains operated by METRANS Rail. See SŽDC Table ZVL
Rail cycling is possible on a number of lines; see the IG Draisinenfahrten website. Click on 'International', followed by 'Draisinenlinks' to obtain website details under the heading 'Draisinenstrecken in der Tschechischen Republik (CZ)'.
'Green' Line A was extended westwards from Dejvická to Nemocnice Motol on 6 April 2015.
Details and map can be found in "Tram Atlas of Mitteleuropa" by Robert Schwandl (2017).
A track plan is available on the Doprava website.
Brno, Liberec, Most-Litvinov, Olomouc, Ostrava, Plzeň, Praha.
Details, maps and track plans can also be found in "Tram Atlas of Mitteleuropa" by Robert Schwandl (2017).
Track plans for a number of systems are available on the Doprava website
Recent and future changes
Projects under way or planned
132 Děčín hl.n.- Oldřichov u Duchcova: Dependent on Správa železnic, re-opening of the Děčín hl.n. - Telnice section for 2020 summer-only weekend services planned by KPTRail s.r.o. (See). The line was closed in Dec 2007 due to low passenger numbers, although excursion trains continued to run irregularly over the Děčín hl.n. - Telnice section until 26 October 2015, after which the whole line was taken out of use due to the poor state of the track.
202 Tábor - Bechyně: Conversion of the electrification to 25kV AC from 1500V DC (originally 700V DC) was approved on 31 January 2020, for implementation in 2023-24.
170 The Praha - Plzeň main line cut-off west of Ejpovice was fully opened on 09 December 2018, resulting in the complete closure of the former curved route between between Plzeň Doubravka and Chrástu u Plzně, which is likely to become a cycleway. The cut-off comprises twin tunnels, the southern bore of 4150m being opened on 16 November 2018, when through operation of the 6km former route ceased, and the northern bore of 4174m opening for freight on 07 December 2018 and for passengers two days later. The section of old route from Ejpovice to Chrástu u Plzně has been retained to access JR176 to Radnice. See.
180 Doubling and electrification of this route from Plzeň to Furth im Wald is planned over the next year, with work due to have commenced on 01 March 2018 on the section from Plzeň hl.n - Vejprnice, the work involving re-alignment of the Route 170 flyover at Plzeň-Skvrňany.This double track section opened on 30 June 2019.
240/244/250/260/300/340 Major reconstruction of Brno hlavni nádraží station, along with the signalling and control systems and bridge and track renewal, took place over the 2018/19 timetable period (See), resulting in closure of the station as a through route, with consequent alteration to all services (See). Services have reverted to normal routes through Brno hl.n.and all connecting routes with re-opening on 15 December 2019.
The suggested closure of the existing Brno hlavni nádraží station and the main line running through it for redevelopment of the released land remains the policy of the City of Brno and the Region of South Moravia despite considerable opposition. As at June 2018 the latest position was The Central Committee of the Ministry of Transport is considering the four suggested alternatives for an underground transport connection from the proposed new station site by the Svratka River near Brno dolni nádraží on the existing freight line between odb. Černovice and Horní Heršpice. This new transit connection, which some people are calling “Brno’s subway”, is to connect the north of the city with the centre and the south but this and the new station are not yet funded.
291 The privately owned line from Šumperk to Kouty nad Desnou has been electrified, the 3km Sobotin branch remaining diesel operated. Both lines have now reverted to ČD operation.
089 Cross-border services operated by 'Trilex' (Die Länderbahn GmbH) between Varnsdorf-pivovar Kocour and Seifhennersdorf DB remain cancelled and replaced by bus (SEV) (since 31 March 2015). No service is shown in the current CD timetable but can be found here.
097 Services between Lovosice and Radejčín were replaced by buses in June 2013 because of flood damage. On 29 March 2018 SŽDC announced that reconstruction of this section was too expensive and that the landslide-damaged section would be abandoned, with services remaining bus-replaced. See.
The long planned rail link from central Praha to Ruzyně Airport will involve double-tracking and 3 kV DC electrification of the Masarykovo - Dejvice - Praha-Ruzyně line, with a new branch to the airport. (See). Reconstruction started in June 2017 of the 1850-built 'Negrelli' viaduct over the Vltava river, just north of Praha Masarykovo, involving a total closure from 04 July 2017. The line is not expected to reopen until June 2020, during which time route 120 trains from Kladno will terminate at a temporary station, Praha-Bubny Vltavska, located south of Praha Bubny and connected to the Metro Line C Vltavska station by a new entrance opened 15 August 2017. Trains on other routes e.g.090 to Praha-Masarykovo are diverted via Praha-Holešovice to Praha h.ln.
312 (Bruntál – Malá Moravká), previously at risk of total closure, now appears in the new timetable as Table 312. A measuring train visited the line in July 2015 and a railtour in February 2016. However, following track repairs, services operating during summer weekends and on public holidays began on 30 June 2018, operated by MBM Rail and Slezsky Zeleznicni Spolek, after funding for seasonal services for at least seven years was secured.
Significant realignment work has been a theme in recent years with completion of a higher speed allowing curve immediately to the east of Usti nad Orlici on the Praha - České Trebova main line and a new 2km section south of Veseli nad Lužnici on the Praha - České-Budějovice line. In the future there is a proposal to upgrade between Česká Lípa and Mimon on the line to Liberec by 2022 which would involve around 2km of line straightening plus the relocation of Zákupy station.
The re-opening and electrifying of the 3km branch from Hrošovany u Brna - Židlochovice which closed in 1979 took place on 15 December 2019 and services appear in Table 251.
143 In July 2018 SŽDC announced electrification of JR143 Kadaň-Prunéřov - Kadaň at 25kV, the work to be completed in 2021/22, 26 months from signing of contracts.
070 Proposals announced in August 2018 to build a new electrified double track beside the D10 motorway line around the east of Mladá Boleslav from JR071 at Bezděčín to allow freight trains from Nymburk to reach the Skoda auto plant at Mladá Boleslav město without going through Mladá Boleslav hl.n. Construction could begin in 2019-2020. A new station, Mladá Boleslav východ, is proposed on the link which would form part of a future Praha - Mladá Boleslav passenger route if the Všejanská spojka (Lysá nad Labem - Milovice - Čachovice) projected line is built in the future. Mladá Boleslav hl.n is proposed to be completely rebuilt under the proposals. A direct curve from Mladá Boleslav město to line JR070 to avoid reversal at Mladá Boleslav hl.n is also planned. See.
192 Číčenice - Týn nad Vltavou and 193 Číčenice - Netolice: Closed line revival operator KPT Rail initiated limited Summer Saturday-only service on these lines from 22 June 2019 and 20 July 2019 respectively.
132 KPT Rail also plan to re-instate services over this route between Děčín – Oldřichov u Duchcova, closed to passengers in December 2007. Telnice - Oldřichov u Duchcova was closed completely in 2011 and the track is now in very poor condition with rails stolen from some locations. Major work will be required to restore passenger services to the whole line, seasonal trains having operated over the Děčín – Telnice section in 2013 and 2014. See.
Changes with the timetable commencing 15 December 2019
- 113/U10 [Former T4] Čížkovice - Obrnice; a full public rail service now operates from Litoměřice horní nádraží – Most run by AZD Praha.
- 251 Hrušovany u Brna - Židlochovice
- A 1.4 km extension of Plzeň Tram line 4 to Borský Park in the Borská Pole industrial zone.
- 001/011 Praha-Vršovice – Praha-Malešice – Praha-Běchovice: Passenger services over this freight line ceased with the new timetable.
- 090 Ústí nad Labem Jih. – Ústí nad Labem západ (Ústí nad Labem avoiding line). No service due to withdrawal of 1522 SX Lovosice to Ústí nad Labem západ train
- 132 (part) Hradec u Kadanĕ - Poláky: The one March-to-October weekend-only train pair which extends past Kadaň on this branch from Kadaň-Prunéřov will be truncated by 5km and only run to the former request stop of Hradec u Kadanĕ in 2020. It last ran to Poláky in October 2019. However, it should be noted that summer Weekend services opearted by Railway Capital continue over the whole line.
- 137 (part) Vejprty - Cranzahl (DE). The summer weekend cross-border service on this line ceased on 29 September 2019.
Changes with the timetable commencing 09 December 2018
- 192 Číčenice - Týn nad Vltavou: Summer Saturday-only service run by KPT Rail from 22 June 2019.
- 193 Číčenice - Netolice: Summer Saturday-only service operated by KPT Rail from 20 July 2019.
- 178 Svojšín – Bor (CD Service). GW Train Regio operate a summer Saturday service. Note that the timetable is now under Line 186.
Changes with the timetable commencing 10 December 2017
- 026 - Meziměstí - Boguszów Gorce Wschód (Poland) from 3 April 2018. Summer-only service run by Polish local operator Koleje Dolnośląskie (KD) with GW Train Regio responsible for operation in the Czech Republic.
- 233 - Čelákovice - Mochov re-opened from 03 April 2018
- 312 - Bruntál – Malá Moravká re-opened summer weekends and public holidays 30 June 2018, operated by MBM Rail and Slezsky Zeleznicni Spolek.
- Strančice – Velke Popovice. This 6km branch to the Kozel brewery at Velké Popovice was reopened for weekend passenger traffic on 1 July 2018 after 13 years of disuse.
- 016 - Borohrádek - Holice 10 June 2018
- 024 - Mlýnický Dvůr - Štíty (weekends-only) 10 June 2018
- 170 - Plzeň Doubravka - Chrástu u Plzně 16 November 2018. Route replaced by Ejpovice Tunnel diversion.
Changes with the timetable commencing 11 December 2016
- 120 - Praha-Bubny - Praha-Masarykovo (Excl.) 04 July 2017; due to reconstruction of "Negrelli" viaduct, until June 2020.
- 122 - Praha-Žvahov - Praha-Smíchov Na Knížecí; services diverted to Praha hl.n.
- 244 - Ivančice - Oslavany
- 120 - Praha-Bubny - Praha-Bubny Vltavska 04 July 2017. Line 120 services to/from Kladno diverted to new temporary platform, until June 2020.
- 017 - Chornice - Velké Opatovice, re-establishing a connection with Skalice nad Svitavou
- Former 113 Čížkovice - Obrnice; a public rail service will operate at weekends and national holidays for five years, until 2021.
- 132 - Želina - Poláky; weekend seasonal service
Changes with the timetable commencing 13 December 2015
- 076 - Melnik - Mšeno
- 137 - Vejprty - Barenstein (Germany)
- 148 - Aš - Selb-Plößberg (Germany)
- 322 - Český Těšin - Cieszyn (Poland)
- 832 - Bohumín/Bohumín-Vrbice – Chałupki (Poland); EC services to/from Warszawa
Changes with the timetable commencing 14 December 2014
|064||extended to cover part of former table 076 route from Mladá Boleslav to Mšeno|
|083||extended to cover Dolní Poustevna - Bad Schandau [Germany] - Děčín, resulting from the reopening of Dolní Poustevna - Sebnitz [Germany]|
- 137 - Vejprty - Barenstein [Germany]
- 132 - Děčín hl.n. - Telnice. Excursion trains ceased 26 October 2015 and whole line through to Oldřichov u Duchcova closed completely due to condition of track.
- 016 - Holice - Borohradek
- 017 - Chornice - Dzbel
- 090 - Dolní Zálezly - Ústí nad Labem západ curve
- 270 - A new 2.9 km line from Sedlnice to Ostrava (Mošnov) airport (13 April 2015).
For details of older changes dating back to the year 2001 see Czech Republic - Older General Information.
Many of the diesel routes are worked by railcars with trailers: some of these workings divide en route but may not be clearly marked. At busy junctions in the country areas it can be difficult to ascertain which is which train; often a notice placed on the ground near the train is the only clue. Sometimes a plate on the side of the railcar will show the train's destination, but these are not always correct; also, beware of some vehicles, especially un-powered coaches, terminating short of the final destination.
At the following locations trains on the indicated route make a reversal manoeuvre away from the main station area:
- 041: Turnov (twice)
- 074: Neratovice
- 076: Mladá Boleslav
- 144: Chodov (twice)
- former 164: Kaštice ("Doupovská dráha" services from Kadaň and Krásný Dvůr)
- 235: Kutná Hora hlavní n.