Italy - Lines with Obscure or Sparse passenger services

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This list is based on the 24 June 2021 revision to the timetable in force from 13 June 2021. Although the timetable is shown as valid until 11 December 2021, most long-distance services are shown as operating for only a few months. Such trains are not indicated by note 'D' (for a service only running on certain dates), because it is a reasonable expectation that their period of operation will be extended or a similar service is provided instead. It is assumed that the timetable will continue to be updated and reissued monthly, as has been the case since summer 2020. In general, local services are operating as usual and many long-distance trains that had been withdrawn have been reinstated. Users are recommended to check the Trenitalia website to ensure they are using the latest version of the timetable.

Table numbers quoted here are from In Treno Tutt'Italia, the official Trenitalia timetable. Standard abbreviations are explained in General Information.

Map references for each route entry are given in parentheses ( ). References prefixed "ERA-E" refer to the European Railway Atlas (All-Europe Edition) by M.G. Ball. References prefixed "ERA-R" refer to the European Railway Atlas (Regional Series - Italy) by M.G. Ball. References prefixed "S+W", or in italic, refer to Atlante ferroviaro d'Italia e Slovenia by Schweers + Wall.

Two useful symbols exist which show the booked route for trains not calling at a station: in the middle of the train column, a vertical bar "|" means that the train passes through the station without stopping, whereas a dot "." means that the train does not pass through that station but instead takes a different route.

Westbound and northbound trains normally have even train numbers. Eastbound and southbound trains normally have odd numbers. Trains may, therefore, have several numbers during the course of a journey. For example, the 07:13 Bergamo to Ventimiglia, which runs west to Milano, south to Genova and then west again, is successively IR1786, IR1787 and IR1788. In the tables below the train number used is that applicable at the last stop before the route concerned. Where two train numbers are shown, that is because they vary with the day of operation. Trains running on only a few days during the Christmas and New Year holiday period are not included in the lists; none use lines without any other passenger service.

When a train is being re-scheduled, to allow for engineering work or for other reasons, it is likely to be given an alternative train number, usually of five digits starting with 3. The last two digits are generally, but not always, the same as those of usual train number. For passenger reservation purposes the usual number may be used. Where a train is diverted via an obscure route that it does not normally use, the relevant 3xxxx train number is quoted in the lists. Many trains have alternative numbers because of diversions or retimings that do not affect use of obscure routes and in such cases only the usual number is quoted, in the interests of clarity and space.

Lines are listed in geographic order, from north to south, grouped by region. However, the Firenze - Roma direttissima (which passes through the regions of Toscana, Umbria and Lazio) is shown as a separate group. Special Notes and details of Linea Alta Velocità (High Speed Lines), Other Sparse Services and Deletions since previous edition can be found at the end of this page.

List of Regions:-

Lombardia (includes Milano) entries starting with 'ITxx/01'
Trentino Alto Adige entries starting with 'ITxx/21'
Veneto entries starting with 'ITxx/31'
Friuli Venezia Giulia entries starting with 'ITxx/41'
Piemonte (includes Torino) entries starting with 'ITxx/51'
Liguria (includes Genova) entries starting with 'ITxx/61'
Emilia Romagna (includes Bologna) entries starting with 'ITxx/71'
Toscana (includes Firenze) entries starting with 'ITxx/81'
Marche entries starting with 'ITxx/91'
Firenze - Roma direttissima entries starting with 'ITxx/101'
Lazio (includes Roma) entries starting with 'ITxx/121'
Campania (includes Napoli) entries starting with 'ITxx/131'
Abruzzo and Molise entries starting with 'ITxx/141'
Puglia entries starting with 'ITxx/146'
Calabria entries starting with 'ITxx/151'
Sicilia entries starting with 'ITxx/161'
Sardegna entries starting with 'ITxx/171'

The following regions currently have no Obscure Services: Basilicata and Valle d'Aosta.

Special Notes

The Trenitalia timetables suggest that on certain lines fast trains and stopping trains run via different routes, but in fact there is a quadruple line with station platforms on only one pair of tracks. Such lines include Prato Centrale to Firenze Rifredi and Padova to Venezia Mestre.

Linea Alta Velocità (High-Speed Lines)

The following high-speed lines, which are electrified at 25 KV 50 Hz rather than the standard Italian 3,000 Volts DC, are used by Alta Velocità trains. These are marketed as Frecciarossa, Frecciabianca and Frecciargento. High-speed services are also provided by open access operator Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori, trading as Italo.

  • Torino Stura – Milano (Rho Fiera)
  • Treviglio (Bivio Casirate) - Brescia (Bivio Mella) (but note that the final connection may be further east than the present one)
  • Milano (Bivio Melegnano) – Bologna – Firenze (Castello)
  • Roma (Prenestina) – Napoli (Gianturco)

There are various intermediate connections between these lines and older routes. The only ones over which passenger trains are scheduled to operate are the following:

Although there is a connection from the high-speed line at Bianze, AV trains between Torino and Vercelli run via the old main line. The connection at Bivio Novara Ost was used by passenger trains until the high-speed line was completed to Milano. The connection at Bivio Emilia, south of Bologna, was used by all high-speed services until the low level line through Bologna Centrale opened, and thereafter by one train pair until December 2018.

Other connections used while high-speed lines were under construction, but no longer with a passenger service are:

  • Crossovers at Bologna S Viola
  • Gricignano-Teverola - 1º Bivio Gricignano

There are also high-speed lines electrified at 3,000 Volts DC, which may be used by other trains:

  • Milano Lambrate – Treviglio: See IT19/15
  • Milano Rogoredo – Tavazzano (Bivio Melegnano): See IT19/16
  • Padova – Venezia Mestre: This is effectively a quadrupling of the old main line.
  • Roma – Firenze Direttissima: This is an older high-speed line. See separate details.
  • Napoli – Salerno: See IT19/135

It appears to be practice for DC high-speed lines to be known as Direttissima and for AC lines to be known as Linea AV/AC.


See Italy - Tram services over obscure routes

Other sparse services

The train service may well be suspended on some local lines for varying periods during the summer holidays between late June and early September, especially in northern Italy and Campania. It may be advisable to check services locally.

The following lines not included above have few trains (relative to service levels generally in Italy) - five trains or fewer each way on at least three days a week, or do not run each weekday. Lines with no Sunday trains are noted, but where there is a Sunday service it may be very limited on rural lines. Even on lines with more than five trains daily the service may be very irregular, with a few early morning journeys and then none until the afternoon.

10 Bardonecchia – Modane (France) Local trains at weekends, otherwise TGV services only
13 Trieste Centrale - Villa Opicina Two trains daily between Trieste and Ljubljana
15 Tarvisio Boscoverde – Arnoldstein (Austria) Two day trains, plus overnight services
109 Ventimiglia - Limone Two trains each way
120 Asti - Acqui Terme No Sunday service
125 Chivasso - Valenza No Sunday service
170 Albate-Camerlata - Molteno No Sunday service
220 Treviso Centrale - Portogruaro-Caorle No Sunday service
226 Calalzo-Pieve di Cadore-Cortina - Ponte nelle Alpi-Polpet No trains other than limited weekend services in January and February
236 Casarsa - Portogruaro-Caorle No Sunday service
250 Fidenza – Fornovo
259 Cecina – Volterra-Saline-Pomarance Limited service Mon-Sat; no Sunday service
270 Lavezzola – Granarolo Faentino [- Faenza] Two trains Mon-Sat; no Sunday service
270 Russi – Granarolo Faentino [- Faenza] Limited service Mon-Sat; no Sunday service
273 Firenze Campo di Marte - Firenze S Marco Vecchio Limited service Mon-Sat; no Sunday service
302 Viterbo Porta Fiorentina - Attigliano-Bomarzo No Sunday service
330 Mercato S Severino - Avellino
332 Foggia - Manfredonia Summer service only
339 Barletta - Spinazzola Limited service Mon-Sat; no Sunday service
346 Taranto - Brindisi No Sunday service other than overnight trains to/from Milano
360 Sassari - Porto Torres Marittima
361 Olbia – Golfo Aranci A few additional trains during the summer
375 Lentini Diramazione – Caltagirone Limited service Mon-Sat; no Sunday service
378 Canicatti – Aragona Caldare
388 Piraineto - Castelvetranto There may be an improved service when the line to Palermo reopens
392 Gela - Canicatti Limited service Mon-Sat; no Sunday service Siracusa - Canicatti
435 Parma - Suzzara (TPER) No Sunday service
436 Reggio Emilia - Reggio Emilia S Lazzaro (TPER) Limited service Mon-Sat; no Sunday service
436 Reggio Emilia - Guastalla (TPER) No Sunday service
437 Reggio Emilia - Sassuolo (TPER) No Sunday service
438 Reggio Emilia - Ciano d'Enza (TPER) No Sunday service
439 Ferrara - Suzzara (TPER) No Sunday service
440 Ferrara - Codigoro (TPER) No Sunday service
445 Arezzo - Sinalunga (TFT) No Sunday service
446 Arezzo - Pratavecchio Stia (TFT) No Sunday service
460 to 465 Ferrovie del Sud Est: Entire network No Sunday service
460 Taranto FS - Taranto Galese (Ferrovie del Sud Est) Limited service Mon-Sat
- Rodi Garganico - Peschici-Calenella (Ferrovie del Gargano)
- Sassi – Superga (Gruppo Torinese Trasporti) No trains on Wednesdays
- Licola - Torregaveta (SEPSA)
- Bari - Gravina in Puglia and Matera Sud (Ferrovie Appulo Lucane) No Sunday service
- Gravina in Puglia – Genzano (Ferrovie Appulo Lucane) Limited service Mon-Sat; no Sunday service
- Potenza - Avigliano Città (Ferrovie Appulo Lucane) No Sunday service
- Catania - Randazzo (Ferrovia Circumetnea) No Sunday service
- Randazzo - Riposto (Ferrovia Circumetnea) Limited service Mon-Sat; no Sunday service
- Sassari - Sorso (Ferrovie della Sardegna) No Sunday service
- Macomer - Nuoro (Ferrovie della Sardegna) No Sunday service
- San Gottardo (Cagliari) - Mandas (Ferrovie della Sardegna) No Sunday service
- Mandas – Isili (Ferrovie della Sardegna) Limited service Mon-Sat; no Sunday service

Services over the following lines are not shown in In Treno, but timetables can be found at the websites shown. Urban metro systems are not included in this list.

L’Assunta/Maria Himmelfahrt – Collalbo/Klobenstein SAD Trasporto Locale SpA (Table 160)
Trento - Mezzana Trentino trasporti esercizio SpA
Sassi – Superga Gruppo Torinese Trasporti
Circumvesuviana network EAV srl (Linee Vesuviane)
Napoli Montesanto - Torregaveta EAV srl (Linee Flegree)
Cancello - Benevento and S Maria Capua Vetere - Piedimonte Matese EAV srl
S Severo - Peschici-Calenella and Foggia - Lucera Ferrovie del Gargano
Bari – Bitonto – Barletta and Bari - Cecilia Ferrotramviaria SpA
Bari – Matera Sud Ferrovie Appulo Lucane
Bari – Genzano (and bus connections to/from Potenza) Ferrovie Appulo Lucane
Potenza Centrale - Avigliano Citta Ferrovie Appulo Lucane
Catanzaro Lido - Soveria Mannelli Ferrovie della Calabria
Sassari - Alghero Trasporti Regionali della Sardegna
Sassari - Sorso Trasporti Regionali della Sardegna
Macomer - Nuoro Trasporti Regionali della Sardegna
San Gottardo (Cagliari) – Isili Trasporti Regionali della Sardegna

Services over the following lines are operated by bus, mostly owing to infrastructure problems.

26 Novi Ligure - Tortona (Service suspended to facilitate construction of a Milano - Genova high-speed line)
91 Metaponto - Sibari (from 8 January 2019)
134 Sesto Calende - Laveno-Mombello
226 Calalzo-Pieve di Cadore-Cortina - Ponte nelle Alpi-Polpet (limited train service January and February weekends)
233 Gemona del Friuli - Maniago
258 Pisa Centrale - Collesalvetti - Vada (See route IT19/89 for occasional diversions)
310 Priverno Fossanova – Terracina
312 Sulmona - Carpinone (See route IT19/141 for details of special excursions)
313 (part) Campobasso - Termoli
315 [Campbasso -] Bosco Redole - Benevento (Service withdrawn from 13 February 2013, because of a landslip. See route IT19/137 for details of special excursions)
335 Avellino - Lioni
337 Rocchetta S Antonio Lacedonia - Gioia del Colle
375 (part) Caltagirone – Gela
414 Rivarolo Canavese - Pont Canavese (GTT)
435 Parma - Brescello-Viadana (TPER)
447 Perugia Ponte S Giovanni - Sansepolcro (Ferrovia Centrale Umbra)
448 Perugia Ponte S Giovanni - Terni (Ferrovia Centrale Umbra)
449 Perugia Ponte S Giovanni - Perugia S Anna (Ferrovia Centrale Umbra)
460 Adelfia - Putignano (Ferrovie del Sud Est)
- Cagnano Varano - Peschici Calenella (Ferrovie del Gargano) (Closed since 2 December 2017 pending the upgrading of level crossings)
- Genzano – Avigliano Lucania (Ferrovie Appulo Lucane)

A number of other bus services appear in In Treno either in substitution for long-closed lines or FrecciaLink coaches to towns not on the high-speed network.

Deletions since previous edition

IT18/72 Bologna Cintura: Bologna Corticella - Bologna S Ruffillo (Bivio Crociali) The train pair that used this line no longer run
IT18/76 Bologna S Ruffillo - Bivio Emilia The train pair that used this line no longer run

See also