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Bosnia-Hercegovina - General Information

2,136 bytes added, 17:10, 10 December 2018
==Country Name==
Bosnia-Hercegovina (Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина).
==National railway system==* In The country is largely decentralized and comprises two autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (generally known as 'the Federation') and Republika Srpska: Željeznice Republike Srpske (ŽRS). * In , with a third region, the Muslim-Croat Federation: Željeznice Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine (ŽFBHBrčko District, formerly ŽBH)governed locally. The boundary stations between central government's power is highly limited, because the two entities are (in the order ŽRS - ŽFBH):Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is itself complex and consists of 10 cantons.
* Blatna - Otoka Bosanska on ==National Railway System==The Republika Srpska and the Novi Grad - Bihać lineFederation of Bosnia Hercegovina each has its own railway company. * Rječica BHŽJK [Bosansko Hercegovačka Željeznička Javna Korporacija] is the umbrella organisation that co- Maglaj on ordinates the Doboj - Sarajevo line. * Brčko - Bukovac on activities of the Drenovci - Tuzla linetwo railway companies. * Petrovo Novo - Miričina on the It has offices in Doboj - Tuzla line. * Modriča - Gradačac (no freight traffic). * Caparde - Kalesija on the Tuzla - Zvornik line (no passenger service).
==Official Website=National Railway Operators===* ŽRSIn the Republika Srpska: Željeznice Republike Srpske [http://www.zrs-rs.com/ www.zrs-rsŽRS].com]* ŽFBHIn the Federation: Željeznice Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine [http://www.zfbh.ba/ ŽFBH], formerly ŽBH). The current timetable can be found at [http:// www.zfbh.ba/zfbhbax/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=41&Itemid=116] The boundary stations between the two entities are as follows: {| width="60%"| '''Line'''| '''Boundary Stations'''|-| Novi Grad - Martin Brod| Blatna ŽRS - Otoka Bosanska ŽFBH|-| Doboj - Sarajevo| Rječica ŽRS - Maglaj ŽFBH|-| Doboj - Kreka (- Tuzla)| Miričina ŽRS - Dobošnica ŽFBH|-| Brčko - Kreka (- Tuzla)| Brčko ŽRS - Bukovac ŽFBH|-| (Tuzla -) Bosanska Poljana - Zvornik Novi| Kalesija ŽFBH - Caparde ŽRS |} So far as passenger trains are concerned, ŽRS operates between Volinja (Croatia) and Doboj, plus local trains between Doboj and Maglaj. ŽFBH operates from Doboj to Tuzla, Sarajevo and Capljina. ŽFBH works freight south and east of Doboj, except that ŽRS runs between Zwornik Novi and Brasina (Serbia). ŽFBH also works any trains on the Martin Brod line, with transfer to/from ŽRS at Blatna or Novi Grad.
==Language==
==Currency==
Konvertibilna Marka (Convertible Mark), symbol KM. 1 KM was set = 1 Deutsche Mark. Since replacement introduction of the Mark by the euro Euro in 2002, KM use the same fixed exchange rate to the Euro (1.95583) as the Deutsche Mark. Euro notes (not coins) are widely accepted.
==UIC code==
==Timetable==
===Journey Planner===
*The ŽFBH web-site says the journey planner facility is under construction.* ŽRS: [http://www.zrs-rs.com/red_voznje.phpŽRS website]. Provides provides a drop down list of stations, for which either 'gives both departures' or 'and arrivals' can be selectedat that station. For 2017/18 immediately below this is the link to the Timetable PDFs.* ŽFBH: No journey planner as such is available, but The [httphttps://www.zfbh.ba/zfbhenxen/konekcija_en.php www.zfbh.bared-voznje/zfbhenx/konekcija_en.phpŽFBH website] provides a drop down list of stations, for which either 'departures' or 'arrivals' can be selected.point to point journey planner
===Downloadable Timetable===
* No downloadable timetable appears to be available on the official ŽRS website[https://www.zrs-rs.com/files/zrs_red_voznje/zrs_red_voznje.pdf 2018-2019 PDF timetable] * No downloadable None found for ŽFBH but a good unofficial timetable appears to in German, [http://www.ec-tobias.de/service/Kursbuch_BS_18.pdf Linien- und Tabellenfahrpläne] has 2017/18 information that covers ŽFBH services but it should be available on the official ŽFBH websiteverified against local information.
===Printed Timetable===
* Timetable booklets have been seen for both ŽRS publishes a timetable in booklet form "Red Voznje" that also includes many and ŽFBH services, particularly around the ŽRS/ŽFBH border areasbut these are not widely available. * ŽFBH does not publish a timetable book Passengers have to rely on departure sheets at stations, but schedules are posted in stationsthese may not be correct.
===Engineering Information===
None.
==Maps==
There is no published map, except that in ===Printed Maps===*European Railway Atlas: Scandinavia and Eastern Europe by M.G. Ball's "(1993) (ISBN 0-7110-2072-4)*[http://www.europeanrailwayatlas.com European Railway Atlas"] by M.G. Ball (2008 onwards) ===Web-based Maps===*Thorsten Büker's [http://www.bueker.net/trainspotting/maps_croatia---slovenia---bosnia-hercegovina.php Map of Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia-Hercegovina].*[[Maps and Plans#Bosnia-Hercegovina|Maps and Plans - Bosnia-Hercegovina]] ==Infrastructure=====Infrastructure Authority===It is believed there is no separate Infrastructure Authority in either Republika Srpska or the Muslim-Croat Federation.ZFBH infrastructure page [https://www.zfbh.ba/infrastruktura/ here} ===Network Statement===* ŽFBH: none known. The link to an old network statement is broken.* ZRS: none known
===Gauge===
Standard.
===Electrification===
25kV 50Hz.
===Rule of the road===Right, but there is very little double track===Distances===*ŽFBH: in the appendices of the Network Statement* ZRS: none known
==Other Railways==
==Recent and future changes==
Novi Grad - Blatna - Bihać reopened to passengers on 3 July 2018, following an inaugural train the previous day. Damaged electrification equipment between Blatna and Bihać has been reinstated. The one train each way is an extension of the Sarajevo - Banja Luka Talgo service, calling at Novi Grad.
From 1st December 2012 All passenger trains ceased between south of Sarajevo were withdrawn from 5 October 2015 to allow for track renewals with a footnote in the ŽFBH timetable Bihać and Bosanski Novi (thereby truncating saying they would not run until the construction work was complete. A daily Talgo service to Čapljina resumed with effect from Novi Grad ) Thursday 8 June 2017 as per [http://www.zfbh.ba/zfbhenx/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=27 this notice], plus a summer only pair until 31 August. and Brčko It had been hoped to Tuzla. The cross border line from Šamac ŽFBH - Slavonski Šamac HŽ also closed and consequently services have ceased from Srpska-kostajnica ( the junction station north resume a seasonal train to Ploče in April 2017 but there is no mention of Doboj) to Šamac ŽFBHthis.
BHŽJK [Bosansko Hercegovačka Željeznička Javna Korporacija] is The international train between Sarajevo and Ploče ceased at the December 2013 timetable change, withdrawing services over the Čapljina border crossing.  From 1 December 2012 passenger trains ceased on the umbrella organisation that coNovi Grad -ordinates Bihać and Tuzla - Brčko lines. The cross border line from Šamac ŽRS to Slavonski Šamac HŽ also closed and ŽFBH activities. It has offices services ceased from Srpska-Kostajnica (the junction station north of Doboj) to Šamac ŽRS in Dobojlate 2014/early 2015.
A passenger service was introduced on the Brčko - Gunja cross-border route into Croatia in the 2002/2003 timetable but was withdrawn by the end of the 2009/2010 timetable period.
A number of passenger services ceased during the war (1991 onwards): and prospects for re-opening are slim though all . All (except Modriča - Gradačac and Martin Brod - Knin) carry freight traffic, but in some cases this is very limited:
* Podlugovi - Vareš
* Modriča - Gradačac
* Bihać - Martin Brod - Knin (Croatia)
A new route from Valjevo via Zvornik (in Serbia) With passenger services reduced to Tuzla (in Bosnia-Hercegovina) was started before routes between the break-up of Yugoslaviamajor cities, further withdrawals would seem unlikely. Completion of However, the Zvornik railway uses outdated rolling stock to Tuzla section was interrupted by the war in 1991 but has since been largely finished. The line carries no regular traffic but has seen occasional SFOR military traffic.Note that this line is shown wronglycompete with modern coach services, or not at allmostly using air-conditioned vehicles, on many maps, improved roads. The planned introduction of Talgo trains between Sarajevo and actually runs from Rasputnica [= junction] Donja BorinaPloče is a first sign of improvement. The European Commission's West Balkans Investment Framework included provision for upgrading railways, just south of Brasina on including the line border crossing from Croatia at Šamac to Zvornik GradPloče via Sarajevo, via a cross-border river bridge to Zvornik Novi (where there is a large works) then on Grad to Caparde Zwornik Novo and Kalesija before ending at Živinice, which is on a freight line south from Brčko to Tuzla. The Beograd - Banja Luka service was intended to run this way but runs instead via Šamac (see above)ŽFBH line through Bihać does not feature in the plans and, possibly because of the SFOR with only limited freight traffic and poor track condition on the ŽS (former JŽ) line between Ruma and Zvornik. Work on the Valjevo , its future appeared to Zvornik section was stopped - some construction work can be seen at the Valjevo end in doubt. However, in May 2017 Bosnia- but there are plans of a restart using Herzegovina and Croatia agreed to seek EU finance. There are optimistic plans by ŽRS funding to connect reopen the isolated Bijeljina - Velino Selo - Sid ŽS line between Novi Grad (former JŽBosanski Novi) line to the Doboj - Šamac line, branching off just north of Milosevac on the Šamac line and running through Brčko to Bijeljina. This would provide a direct link to Serbia, to eliminate the need to cross into Croatia or the Muslim-Croat Federation, and would connect the western and southern parts of the Republika SrpskaKnin.
==Special Notes==
==See also==
*[[{{Navbox Bosnia-Hercegovina]]*[[Bosnia-Hercegovina - Lines with Obscure or Sparse passenger services]]}}

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