Czech Republic - General Information

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Revision as of 18:25, 3 July 2019 by Reef Watch (talk | contribs) (Ticketing: correct Celodenní jízdenka URL)

Country Name

Czech Republic (Česká Republika)

National railway system

National Railway Operator

České Dráhy a.s. (ČD )

Other Railway Operators:

Open Access Carriers:

Other Carriers:

Language

Czech

Currency

Czech Koruna

UIC code

numeric 54, alpha CZ

Timetable

Journey Planner

Domestic Travel

Downloadable Timetable

The full timetable is available from the SŽDC website as individual PDFs, the ČD website only shows their services.

Station departure sheets can be printed from the SŽDC website, while train formation details can be found on the ČD website.

Scans of historical timetables from 1988, 1944 and 1918 are available on the Zelpage website.

Printed Timetable

Železniční Jízdní Řád. Less useful than for previous years as shows only ČD operated services and the ČD owned funicular railways and cableways. Other operators trains are NOT shown. Printed in Czech throughout but with general instructions in English, German and French. Timetable supplements are issued (09 June 2019) but from this year only issued online. A fold-out, near-geographic route diagram is included in the timetable, and there are enlargements of the Praha, Brno and Ostrava areas.

Additional Notes on reading the Timetable

  • The "crossed hammers" working days symbol means "Mondays to Fridays" and not, as for most other railways, "Mondays to Saturdays".
  • Two useful symbols exist which show the booked route for trains not calling at a station: in the middle of the train column, a vertical bar "|" means that the train passes through the station without stopping, whereas a vertical 'wiggly line' ">" and "<" means that the train does not pass through that station but instead takes a different route. This must not be confused with a vertical 'wiggly line' to the left of the time, which means that the train runs only on certain days.

Engineering Information

From ČD website Omezení provozu; select “Výluky” and then "Dnes" (today), "Zítra" (tomorrow) or "Všechny výluky", which gives details up to two weeks hence, rolling forward in date order.

It is possible to reduce the volume of information by selecting a specific route ("Trať") or region ("Kraj"), or clicking on a region on the map.

Bus Information

Access the IDOS website and click on the English (or German) icon (given by small flags) in the bottom right hand corner. Enquiries can specify 'train only', 'bus only' or a combination of these (the default option), plus public transport in Brno, Ostrava and Prague.

Maps

Printed Maps

  • The "Atlas Drah, Ceské Republiky 2006-2007” is a hard backed very detailed 1:200000 map by Zdenék Hudec (ISBN 80-87047-00-1), generally available in large ČD station bookstalls and Information Offices. It shows numerous freight-only lines not displayed on the Quail map and also Tram and Trolley bus system maps. However, unlike the previous edition, the indexed key of numbered highlights from each page is only in Czech.
  • European Railway Atlas: Scandinavia and Eastern Europe by M.G. Ball (1993) (ISBN 0-7110-2072-4)
  • European Railway Atlasand more detailed Czech Republic & Slovakia Regional Series Atlasby M.G. Ball (2015)
  • The Czech Tourist Club produces a series of 95 1:50000 walking maps which are often available in station kiosks for the local area.

Web-based Maps

Ticketing

ČD offers its own All-day ticket (Celodenní jízdenka). This is much better value than the standard One Country passes and includes tickets valid on the entire network for a time period, tickets valid only at weekends and also regional tickets.

Ticket machines offering zonal fares for journeys up to 100km are installed at larger stations, and particularly near Praha. These machines take coins or prepaid smart cards.

Infrastructure

Infrastructure Authority

Since 1 January 2003 infrastructure has been managed by the state organization Správa železniční dopravní cesty (SŽDC).

Network Statement

Access to railway infrastructure > Network Statement 2017, Network Statement 2018 or Network Statement 2019.

Gauge

Standard, except for the 760 mm gauge routes from Jindřichúv Hradec to Obrataň and Nová Bystřice, and from Třemešná ve Slezsku to Osoblaha.

Electrification

Generally, lines to the north and east of Praha are electrified at 3 kV DC, whereas those to the west and south of Praha are electrified at 25 kV 50 Hz. The two systems meet at

  • Beroun-Kralův Dvůr, on the line between Praha and Plzeň;
  • Benešov u Prahy, on the line between Praha and České Budějovice;
  • Klášterec nad Ohri, near Kadaň on the line between Chomutov and Karlovy Vary;
  • Kutná Hora, on the line between Kolín and Brno;
  • Svitavy-Lány, on the line between Česká Třebova and Brno;
  • Nezamyslice, on the line between Přerov and Brno; and
  • Nedakonice, on the line between Přerov and Břeclav.

There is an isolated 1500 V dc branch in the south from Tábor to Bechyně and Retz (Austria) - Šatov - Znojmo is electrified at 15 kV AC.

The Transport ministry decided in December 2016 that SŽDC must convert all 3 kV DC lines to 25 kV AC in a programme to be implemented between 2025 and 2040. It seems Tábor - Bechyně and Šatov - Znojmo will not be converted.

Rule of the road

Right-hand. Bohumín - Břeclav converted from left-hand to right-hand running on 9 December 2012. An unusual flyover arrangement existed at the eastern end of the Přerov avoiding line to effect a changeover, now no longer required. Most double-tracked routes are reversibly signalled and often used as such.

Distances

The Network Statement for Timetable 2018 Annex B gives the total length of each line in column 5, in addition to other information.

The "Atlas Drah, Ceské Republiky 2006-2007” gives detailed distances.

Other Railways

The following timetable routes are operated by, and where marked by (*) the railway infrastructure is owned by, private companies.

  • 026 - Adršpach - Meziměstí - Walbrzych Gł. (GW Train Regio)
  • D26 (043) - Trutnov hlavní n. – Lubawka - Sędzisław (GW Train Regio, the route onwards to Jelenia Gora in Poland is operated by PKP)
  • 045 - Trutnov hlavní n. - Svoboda nad Úpou (*PDV Railway / GW Train Regio/ČD)
  • 089 - Liberec - Zittau - Rybniště, Varnsdorf - Seifhennersdorf (Die Länderbahn-GmbH)
  • 091 - Praha Hostivař - Roztoky u Prahy (Arriva-Morava a.s.)
  • 145 - (Karlovy Vary dolní nádraží)– Sokolov - Kraslice (*PDV Railway / GW Train Regio + route onwards to Klingenthal in Germany is operated by Die Länderbahn-GmbH)
  • 149 - Karlovy Vary dolní nádraží – Mariánské Lázne (GW Train Regio)
  • R25 (160) - Plzeň - Most (GW Train Regio)
  • 194 - Českě Budějovice - Černý Kříž (GW Train Regio/ČD)
  • 197 - Čičenice - Nově Údolí (GW Train Regio)
  • 198 - Strakonice - Volary (GW Train Regio)
  • 228 - Obrataň - Jindřichův Hradec (*JHMD)
  • 229 - Jindřichův Hradec - Nová Bystřice (*JHMD)
  • 233 - Čelákovice – Mochov (KŽC Doprava)
  • 243 - Moravské Budějovice - Jemnice (Railway Capital)
  • 291 - Šumperk - Petrov nad Desnou - Kouty nad Desnou and Petrov nad Desnou - Sobotin (*SART/ČD)
  • 313 - Milotice nad Opavou - Vrbno pod Pradědem (*AWT / GW Train Regio)
  • 314 - Opava - Svobodné Heřmanice (Railway Capital)

With the 2007 timetable, a number of services were withdrawn by ČD but summer only Private Operator services are timetabled, see Czech Republic - Older General Information below.

Tourist Lines

  • Česká Kamenice - Kamenický Šenov. Operated by KZC “Kamenický Motoracek” Nostalgické a výletní vlaky.
  • Zastávka u Brna – Babice u Rosic – Zhýšov (600mm gauge) operated by Muzeum průmyslových železnic (MPŽ).
  • Ústí nad Labem-Střekov - Velké Březno - Zubrnice operated by Zubrnické museální železnice. Tourist railway through service operated by MBM rail s.r.o. - See SŽDC Table T3
  • Mladějov na Moravě – Nová Ves u Kunčiny – Hřebeč (narrow gauge) operated by Mladějovská Průmyslová Dráha (MPD). See www.mladejov.cz.
  • Solvayovy Lomy narrow gauge tourist quarry line near Beroun. See.
  • Tanvald - Harrachov (036). Tourist trains operated by METRANS Rail. See SŽDC Table ZVL

Rail cycling is possible on a number of lines; see the IG Draisinenfahrten website. Click on 'International', followed by 'Draisinenlinks' to obtain website details under the heading 'Draisinenstrecken in der Tschechischen Republik (CZ)'.

Metro

Praha.

'Green' Line A was extended westwards from Dejvická to Nemocnice Motol on 6 April 2015.

Details and map can be found in "Tram Atlas of Mitteleuropa" by Robert Schwandl (2017).

A track plan is available on the Doprava website.

Trams

Brno, Liberec, Most-Litvinov, Olomouc, Ostrava, Plzeň, Praha.

Details, maps and track plans can also be found in "Tram Atlas of Mitteleuropa" by Robert Schwandl (2017).

See also Czech Republic - Tram services over obscure routes

Track plans for a number of systems are available on the Doprava website

Recent and future changes

Projects under way or planned

170 The Praha - Plzeň main line cut-off west of Ejpovice was fully opened on 09 December 2018, resulting in the complete closure of the former curved route between between Plzeň Doubravka and Chrástu u Plzně, which is likely to become a cycleway. The cut-off comprises twin tunnels, the southern bore of 4150m being opened on 16 November 2018, when through operation of the 6km former route ceased, and the northern bore of 4174m opening for freight on 07 December 2018 and for passengers two days later. The section of old route from Ejpovice to Chrástu u Plzně has been retained to access JR176 to Radnice. See.

Ejpovice Tunnel Diversion-50px.png


180 Doubling and electrification of this route from Plzeň to Furth im Wald is planned over the next year, with work due to have commenced on 01 March 2018 on the section from Plzeň hl.n - Vejprnice, the work involving re-alignment of the Route 170 flyover at Plzeň-Skvrňany.This double track section is scheduled for opening on 30 June 2019.

135 The upper section of this line between Dubi and Moldava v Krusnych horach remains bus replaced, although trains services were planned to re-commence with the December 2017 timetable change. Planned to re-start on 1 November 2018, services appear in the 2018-2019 Timetable.

240/244/250/260/300/340 Major reconstruction of Brno hlavni nádraží station, along with the signalling and control systems and bridge and track renewal, is taking place over the current timetable period until 14 December 2019 (See), resulting in closure of the station as a through route, with consequent alteration to all services (See). Through regional, IC and RegioJet trains are diverted via the Brno freight avoiding line (Brno-Horní Heršpice – Brno dolní nádraží – odb. Táborská – Brno-Židenice), calling at Brno dolní nádraží station. Regional and local services from Tables 250, 260 are diverted to Brno H.ln "north end" (Nástupiště (tracks) 1 - 4), calling at Brno Židenice; while similar services from Tables 240,244 terminate in Brno H.ln "south end" (Nástupiště (tracks) 5 & 6. Table 300 Regional services start from Brno Králove Pole and run via Brno Židenice while local services start from Brno Chrlice, with bus and tram connections from Brno hl.n. Most Table 340 services start and terminate at Brno Židenice, although some reverse there and run to and from Brno h.ln. As a consequence Route 340 Brno hl.n. to Brno-Slatina (odbočka Slatinská) via Brno-Černovice and Route 300 Brno hl.n. to Brno Chrlice are closed until 15 December 2019.

Brno as at July 2017


Meanwhile, the suggested closure of the existing Brno hlavni nádraží station and the main line running through it for redevelopment of the released land is still the policy of the City of Brno and the Region of South Moravia despite considerable opposition. As at June 2018 the latest position was The Central Committee of the Ministry of Transport is considering the four suggested alternatives for an underground transport connection from the proposed new station site by the Svratka River near Brno dolni nádraží on the existing freight line between odb. Černovice and Horní Heršpice. This new transit connection, which some people are calling “Brno’s subway”, is to connect the north of the city with the centre and the south but this and the new station are not yet funded.

291 The privately owned line from Šumperk to Kouty nad Desnou has been electrified, the 3km Sobotin branch remaining diesel operated. Both lines have now reverted to ČD operation.

097 Services between Lovosice and Radejčín were replaced by buses in June 2013 because of flood damage. On 29 March 2018 SŽDC announced that reconstruction of this section was too expensive and that the landslide-damaged section would be abandoned, with services remaining bus-replaced. See.

The long planned rail link from central Praha to Ruzyně Airport will involve double-tracking and 3 kV DC electrification of the Masarykovo - Dejvice - Praha-Ruzyně line, with a new branch to the airport. Reconstruction started in autumn 2017 of the 'Negrelli' viaduct over the Vltava river, just north of Praha Masarykovo, involving a total closure. The line is not expected to reopen until April 2020, during which time trains will terminate at Praha Bubny.

312 (Bruntál – Malá Moravká) may be at risk of total closure. A measuring train visited the line in July 2015 and a railtour in February 2016. However, following track repairs, services operating at weekends and on public holidays 30 June 2018 until 02 September 2018.

Significant realignment work has been a theme in recent years with completion of a higher speed allowing curve immediately to the east of Usti nad Orlici on the Praha - České Trebova main line and a new 2km section south of Veseli nad Lužnici on the Praha - České-Budějovice line. In the future there is a proposal to upgrade between Česká Lípa and Mimon on the line to Liberec by 2022 which would involve around 2km of line straightening plus the relocation of Zákupy station.

The re-opening and electrifying of the 3km branch from Hrošovany u Brna - Židlochovice which closed in 1979 is now funded and under way, targeting no later than the December 2020 timetable change.

143 In July 2018 SŽDC announced electrification of JR143 Kadaň-Prunéřov - Kadaň at 25kV, the work to be completed in 2021/22, 26 months from signing of contracts.

070 Proposals announced in August 2018 to build a new electrified double track beside the D10 motorway line around the east of Mladá Boleslav from JR071 at Bezděčín to allow freight trains from Nymburk to reach the Skoda auto plant at Mladá Boleslav město without going through Mladá Boleslav hl.n. Construction could begin in 2019-2020. A new station, Mladá Boleslav východ, is proposed on the link which would form part of a future Praha - Mladá Boleslav passenger route if the Všejanská spojka (Lysá nad Labem - Milovice - Čachovice) projected line is built in the future. Mladá Boleslav hl.n is proposed to be completely rebuilt under the proposals. A direct curve from Mladá Boleslav město to line JR070 to avoid reversal at Mladá Boleslav hl.n is also planned. See.

Recent changes

Changes with the timetable commencing 09 December 2018

Closures
  • 178 Svojšín – Bor. GW Train Regio may operate a seasonal service as in Summer 2018.

Changes with the timetable commencing 10 December 2017

(Re)openings
  • 026 - Meziměstí - Boguszów Gorce Wschód (Poland) from 3 April 2018 until 2 September 2018 run by Polish local operator Koleje Dolnośląskie (KD) with GW Train Regio responsible for operation in the Czech Republic.
  • 233 - Čelákovice - Mochov re-opened from 03 April 2018
  • 312 - Bruntál – Malá Moravká re-opened weekends and public holidays from 30 June 2018 until 02 September 2018
  • Strančice – Velke Popovice. This 6km branch to the Kozel brewery at Velké Popovice was reopened for weekend passenger traffic on 1 July 2018 after 13 years of disuse.
Closures
  • 016 - Borohrádek - Holice 10 June 2018
  • 024 - Mlýnický Dvůr - Štíty (weekends-only) 10 June 2018
  • 170 - Plzeň Doubravka - Chrástu u Plzně 16 November 2018. Route replaced by Ejpovice Tunnel diversion.

Changes with the timetable commencing 11 December 2016

Closures
  • 122 - Praha-Žvahov - Praha-Smíchov Na Knížecí; services diverted to Praha hl.n.
  • 244 - Ivančice - Oslavany
(Re)openings
  • 017 - Chornice - Velké Opatovice, re-establishing a connection with Skalice nad Svitavou
  • Former 113 Čížkovice - Obrnice; a public rail service will operate at weekends and national holidays for five years, until 2021.
  • 132 - Želina - Poláky; weekend seasonal service

Changes with the timetable commencing 13 December 2015

Closures

None

(Re)openings
  • 076 - Melnik - Mšeno
  • 137 - Vejprty - Barenstein (Germany)
  • 148 - Aš - Selb-Plößberg (Germany)
  • 322 - Český Těšin - Cieszyn (Poland)
  • 832 - Bohumín/Bohumín-Vrbice – Chałupki (Poland); EC services to/from Warszawa

Changes with the timetable commencing 14 December 2014

064 extended to cover part of former table 076 route from Mladá Boleslav to Mšeno
083 extended to cover Dolní Poustevna - Bad Schandau [Germany] - Děčín, resulting from the reopening of Dolní Poustevna - Sebnitz [Germany]
Closures
  • 137 - Vejprty - Barenstein [Germany]
(Re)openings
  • 016 - Holice - Borohradek
  • 017 - Chornice - Dzbel
  • 090 - Dolní Zálezly - Ústí nad Labem západ curve
  • 270 - A new 2.9 km line from Sedlnice to Ostrava (Mošnov) airport (13 April 2015).

Older Changes

For details of older changes dating back to the year 2001 see Czech Republic - Older General Information.

Special Notes

Many of the diesel routes are worked by railcars with trailers: some of these workings divide en route but may not be clearly marked. At busy junctions in the country areas it can be difficult to ascertain which is which train; often a notice placed on the ground near the train is the only clue. Sometimes a plate on the side of the railcar will show the train's destination, but these are not always correct; also, beware of some vehicles, especially un-powered coaches, terminating short of the final destination.

At the following locations trains on the indicated route make a reversal manoeuvre away from the main station area:

  • 041: Turnov (twice)
  • 074: Neratovice
  • 076: Mladá Boleslav
  • 144: Chodov (twice)
  • former 164: Kaštice ("Doupovská dráha" services from Kadaň and Krásný Dvůr)
  • 235: Kutná Hora hlavní n.

See also