Czech Republic - General Information

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Country Name

Czech Republic / Czechia (Česká Republika)

National railway system

České dráhy was the state railway operator until January 1st 2003, when it was replaced by the state-owned administrator / infrastructure manager now named Správa železnic (SŽ) and the České dráhy, a.s. group of carrier companies. Since 2010 the network has been managed using a public service obligation framework, under which the regional governments can procure and subsidize carriers to operate lines within their region while the Ministry of Transport can similarly procure and subsidize carriers to operate long distance (R and Ex category) services. Open access international services began to operate in 2011.

Note: In the Czech Republic, companies that actually operate the trains are referred to as “carriers”, while the term “operators” is used to identify companies that manage the infrastructure and operations on railway lines.

National Railway Operator

České Dráhy a.s. (ČD) remains the predominant carrier

Other Operators

Open Access Carriers:

  • Regiojet a.s. operate services between between Praha and Budapest via Brno, between Praha and Przemyśl via Bohumín and Kraków, and between Praha and Košice via Bohumín and Žilina
  • Leo Express a.s. operate services between Praha and Kraków via Bohumín and between Praha and Košice via Bohumín and Žilina

Other Carriers:

  • Arriva vlaky s.r.o. operate an extensive portfolio of long distance services and local services in the Zlínský, Plzeňský and Liberecký regions
  • AŽD Praha s.r.o. operate services on two lines from Lovosice in the Ústecký region
  • Die Länderbahn CZ s.r.o. operate local services in the Ústecký region, and in the Liberecký region under the Trilex brand name
  • Gepard Express SE operate a pair of overnight trains between Brno and Wien Airport, subsidized by Brno City Council
  • GW Train Regio a.s. operate an extensive portfolio of local services in the Olomoucký / Královéhradecký / Ústecký / Karlovarský / Plzeňský / Jihočeský regions plus the Plzeň to Most long distance service (R25)
  • KŽC Doprava s.r.o. operate some of the S34 and S43 local services in the Praha area (SŽ tables 071 and 092), plus a range of tourist services during the summer months using their own heritage stock
  • Leo Express Tenders s.r.o. operate some local services for the Pardubický region and between Lichov and Wrocław (Poland) (SŽ table 025)
  • MBM rail s.r.o. do not own any passenger stock but have a passenger carrier licence and operates some tourist and nostalgia services
  • METRANS Rail s.r.o. do not own any passenger stock but have a passenger carrier licence and operates some tourist and nostalgia services
  • Railway Capital a.s operate tourist services on six lines during the summer months
  • Regiojet a.s. in addition to their open access services also operate state supported long distance services between Bohumín and Brno (R8) and between Kolín and Ústí nad Labem (R23)
  • Regiojet ÚK a.s. operate local services in the Ústecký region
  • Slezské zemské dráhy, o.p.s operate services on the narrow gauge (760mm) Třemešná ve Slezsku to Osoblaha line (SŽ table 298)

A full list of passenger and freight carriers can be found here.

Language

Czech

Currency

Czech Koruna

UIC code

numeric 54, alpha CZ

Timetable

Journey Planner

Domestic Travel

Actual Train Times

Downloadable Timetable

The full timetable is available from both the SŽ website and the ČD website as individual PDF files. Timetable updates can also be found on this unofficial site.

Station departure sheets can be printed from the SŽ website, while train formation details can be found on the ČD website.

Scans of historical timetables from 1988, 1944 and 1918 are available on the Zelpage website.

Printed Timetable

Železniční Jízdní Řád. All operators' trains are included. Printed in Czech throughout but with general instructions in English, German and French. Supplements are issued but from 2019 have been only issued online. A fold-out, near-geographic route diagram is included in the timetable, and there are enlargements of the Praha, Brno and Ostrava areas.

From 2023 the timetable book has been published by Zdopravy.cz on behalf of SŽ, the Czech infrastructure authority, rather than directly by ČD. Availability is limited as station booking offices no longer appear to stock it. At Praha hlavní nádraží (the main station) the 2023/24 edition appears only to be available from the "Pont" newsagents on the lower concourse at a price of CZK199 (approximately €8).

Additional Notes on reading the Timetable

  • The "crossed hammers" working days symbol means "Mondays to Fridays" and not, as for most other railways, "Mondays to Saturdays".
  • Two useful symbols exist which show the booked route for trains not calling at a station: in the middle of the train column, a vertical bar "|" means that the train passes through the station without stopping, whereas a vertical 'wiggly line' ">" and "<" means that the train does not pass through that station but instead takes a different route. This must not be confused with a vertical 'wiggly line' to the left of the time, which means that the train runs only on certain days.

Engineering Information

ČD website Omezení provozu. Shows map of current engineering works; select "Omezení Provozu Podle Tratí a Kraju" or "Omezení Provozu Podle Vlaku" for Traffic restrictions by line ("Trať") or region ("Trať") or by trains ("Vlaku") respectively, then "Dnes" (today), "Zítra" (tomorrow) or "datum" (date), or by clicking on a region on the map.

Bus Information

Access the IDOS website and click on the English (or German) icon (given by small flags) in the menu drop-down.

Maps

Printed Maps

  • European Railway Atlas (All-Europe Edition) by M.G. Ball.
  • European Railway Atlas (Regional Series: Book 3) by M.G. Ball.
  • The "Atlas Drah, Ceské Republiky 2006-2007” is a hard backed very detailed 1:200000 map by Zdenék Hudec (ISBN 80-87047-00-1), generally available in large ČD station bookstalls and Information Offices. It shows numerous freight-only lines and also has Tram and Trolley bus system maps. However, unlike the previous edition, the indexed key of numbered highlights from each page is only in Czech.
  • The Czech Tourist Club produces a series of 95 1:50000 walking maps which are often available in station kiosks for the local area.

Web-based Maps

Ticketing

ČD offers an All-Day ticket (Celodenní jízdenka), valid only on its own trains, but which is much better value than the standard One Country passes when using their trains. These tickets are available for individual regions (‘kraj’) or for the entire network. In recent years a highly discounted one or two-week ČD Summer Ticket (Jízdenka na léto) has also been available (in 2023 from 01 July - 31 August). It should be noted that the individual regions are increasingly offering tickets under their own regional integrated ticket systems, particularly in Jihomoravský (South Moravia) where it is no longer possible to buy a ČD local ticket for travel only within the region. Local tickets to destinations outside of the area are unaffected.

Since December 2020, the OneTicket has been available, allowing travel with most railway carriers except Leo Express and enabling through journeys involving more than one carrier to be booked. A small supplement is required for certain long distance services operated by ČD and Regiojet. Regular travellers can purchase period tickets, it is also possible to purchase network-wide tickets for a day or for a period.

Infrastructure

Infrastructure Authority

Since 1 January 2003 infrastructure has been managed by a state organization, which is currently Správa železnic(). Prior to 1 January 2020 the name was Správa železniční dopravní cesty (SŽDC).

Network Statement

Our railway > How to operate on our railway > Network Statements (by year)

Gauge

Standard, except for the 760 mm gauge routes from Jindřichúv Hradec to Obrataň and Nová Bystřice, and from Třemešná ve Slezsku to Osoblaha.

Part of the Liberec tram system is 1000 mm gauge.

Electrification

Generally, lines to the north and east of Praha are electrified at 3 kV DC, whereas those to the west and south of Praha are electrified at 25 kV 50 Hz. The two systems meet at

  • km 42,360 between Beroun Králův Dvůr and Beroun Králův Dvůr-Popovice on the line between Praha and Plzeň;
  • Benešov u Prahy, on the line between Praha and České Budějovice;
  • Klášterec nad Ohri, near Kadaň on the line between Chomutov and Karlovy Vary;
  • Kutná Hora, on the line between Kolín and Brno;
  • Svitavy-Lány, on the line between Česká Třebova and Brno;
  • Nezamyslice, on the line between Přerov and Brno; and
  • Říkovice, on the line between Přerov and Břeclav.

There is an isolated 1500 V dc branch in the south from Tábor to Bechyně which in January 2020 was approved by the Regional Government for conversion to 25 kv in 2023/24 but this needs to be ratified by the Transport Ministry.
Retz (Austria) - Šatov - Znojmo is electrified at 15 kV AC.

The Transport ministry decided in December 2016 that SŽDC (now SŽ) must convert all 3 kV DC lines to 25 kV AC in a programme to be implemented between 2025 and 2040. A 43 km section of the Břeclav – Přerov main line (Nedakonice – Říkovice) was converted on 14 Jul 2022. It seems Šatov - Znojmo will not be converted.

Rule of the road

Right-hand. Bohumín - Břeclav converted from left-hand to right-hand running on 9 December 2012. An unusual flyover arrangement existed at the eastern end of the Přerov avoiding line to effect a changeover, now no longer required. Most double-tracked routes are reversibly signalled and often used as such.

Distances

  • Annex B of the Network Statement 2023 gives the total length of each line in column 5, in addition to other information.
  • On the Atlaskolejowy website select the line from the drop down list labelled 'Wykaz linii kolejowych w Czechach' .
  • The "Atlas Drah, Ceské Republiky 2006-2007” gives detailed distances. See Maps above.

Other Railways

The following timetable routes form part of the national network but are not owned or managed (operated) by SŽ:

  • 032 - Trutnov hl. n. - Svoboda nad Úpou, operated by PDV Railway a.s. (with ČD as the carrier)
  • 145 - (Karlovy Vary dolní nádraží –) Sokolov - Kraslice, operated by PDV Railway a.s. (with GW Train Regio a.s. as the carrier)
  • 291 - Šumperk - Petrov nad Desnou - Kouty nad Desnou and Petrov nad Desnou - Sobotin, operated by SART a.s. (with ČD as the carrier on the Kouty nad Desnou line but no service on the branch to Sobotín)
  • 313 - Milotice nad Opavou - Vrbno pod Pradědem, operated by PKP Cargo International a.s. (with GW Train Regio a.s. as the carrier)

Tourist Lines

  • Česká Kamenice - Kamenický Šenov, operated by KŽC "Kamenický motoráček". See also SŽ table 082
  • Zastávka u Brna – Babice u Rosic – Zbýšov (600mm gauge), operated by Muzeum průmyslových železnic (MPŽ)
  • (Ústí nad Labem-Střekov -) Velké Březno - Zubrnice, operated by Zubrnické museální železnice. Through service from Ústí nad Labem-Střekov operated by MBM rail s.r.o.. See also SŽ table 073
  • Mladějov na Moravě – Nová Ves u Kunčiny – Hřebeč (narrow gauge, 600mm), operated by Mladějovská Průmyslová Dráha (MPD). See www.mladejov.cz
  • Solvayovy Lomy narrow gauge (600mm) tourist quarry line near Beroun. See Solvayovy Lomy
  • Tanvald - Harrachov. Tourist trains operated by METRANS Rail. See Zubačka, also SŽ table 036/Nostalgické vlaky
  • Kolin Sendražice to Bychory (600mm). 6km former sugar beet railway operated by Kolínská řepařská drážka (KŘD)
  • Jindřichov Hradec to Nová Bystřice and Obratán (760mm), Jindřichohradecké mistni dráhy a.s. JHMD. Operations ceased on 2 October 2022, but a limited restart is hoped for in 2024

A list of Tourist lines and draisine operations is available at the Sinfin.net site

Metro

Praha.

The UrbanRailNet site has a basic diagram of the metro system along a link to the local operator.

Details and map can be found in "Tram Atlas of Mitteleuropa" by Robert Schwandl (2017).

A track plan is available on the Doprava website.

DPP organises occasional excursions on each of the three Metro lines. The Zličin (Line B) tour involves travel out of the depot and traversal of the depot triangle and test track. The Kačerov (Line C) tour involves travel out of the depot, while the Kacerov tours in association with KZC also include travel Praha hl.n. - Praha Krč including the connection to Kačerov.

Trams/LRT-Systems

Brno, Liberec, Most-Litvínov, Olomouc, Ostrava, Plzeň, Praha.

The UrbanRailNet site has basic diagrams of the tramway systems along with links to the local operators.

Details, maps and track plans can also be found in "Tram Atlas of Mitteleuropa" by Robert Schwandl (2017).

Track plans for a number of systems are available on the Doprava website.

See also Czech Republic - Tram services over obscure routes.

Recent and future changes

Future Changes

Projects under way or planned

In May 2020 infrastructure manager SŽ republished a tender to prepare documentation on the alignment of the initial 23 km Prague-Běchovice - Poříčany section of the planned Praha – Brno high-speed line. It will connect with the existing Poříčany – Pečky and Sadská – Nymburk město lines.

High Speed Line Map


220: From 02 April 2022 to 30 June 2022 the 19.4 km section between Votice and Sudoměřice u Tábora was completely closed while final preparations were made for the commissioning the new line between the two. This opened on 30 June 2022 initially as single track, with the second track opening in August 2022. This involves several realignments, which shortened the line by 2 km. The work includes the Mezno (840m) and Deborec (660m) tunnels and three new viaducts between Heřmaničky and Ješetice. See.

087: Lovosice - Česká Lípa temporarily closed March - August 2022 for reconstruction of the line to increase the line speed up to 100km/h, with automation of manually operated level crossings. Žalhostice station will be completely rebuilt with new track layout and platforms.

097: In February 2020 the CZ Ministry of Transport approved plans for re-construction of the flood-damaged section between Chotiměř and Radejčín, including a new bridge. SZ are to announce the results of tenders for the work in 2022.

132 Děčín hl.n.- Oldřichov u Duchcova: Dependent on Správa železnic, re-opening of the Děčín hl.n. - Telnice section as Line 139 for summer-only weekend services by KZC doprava from 02 April 2022. (See). The line was closed to passengers in December 2007, Telnice - Oldřichov u Duchcova was closed completely in 2011 and the track is now in very poor condition with rails stolen from some locations. Seasonal trains operated irregularly over the Děčín hl.n. – Telnice section from 2013 until 26 October 2015, after which the whole line was taken out of use due to the poor state of the track. See.

202 Tábor - Bechyně: Conversion of the electrification to 25kV AC from 1500V DC (originally 700V DC) was approved on 31 January 2020, for implementation in 2023-24.

180 Doubling and electrification of this route from Plzeň to Furth im Wald is planned. Work on the first section, from Plzeň hl.n - Vejprnice involving re-alignment of the Route 170 flyover at Plzeň-Skvrňany commenced on 01 March 2018, this double track section opening on 30 June 2019. Between Plzen and Zbuch a new 200km/h line will be built, the old line through Nýřany being retained and electrified, while between Stod and Holýšov and Blizejov and Domažlice new lines will be built and the old alignments abandoned. See.

Despite considerable opposition to the closure of Brno hlavni nádraží and the main line running through it, the City of Brno and the Region of South Moravia have decided to site the new main station in the Trnitá urban redevelopment area by the Svratka River. This is close to Brno dolni nádraží on the freight line between odb. Černovice and Horní Heršpice. The new station will have 14 platforms and a regional bus station. This will presumably require the quadrupling of the existing line. It will cost €1·8bn and completion is envisaged in 2032-35.
The decision is clearly driven by a wish to redevelop the land released by the closure of Brno hl n. As at June 2018 the Central Committee of the Ministry of Transport was considering the four suggested alternatives for an underground transport connection from the new station. This new transit connection, which some people are calling “Brno’s subway”, is to connect the north of the city with the centre and the south but this is not yet funded.

The long planned rail link from central Praha to Ruzyně Airport will involve double-tracking and 3 kV DC electrification of the Masarykovo - Dejvice - Praha-Ruzyně line, with a new branch to the airport. (See). Reconstruction started in June 2017 of the 1850-built 'Negrelli' viaduct over the Vltava river, just north of Praha Masarykovo, involving a total closure from 04 July 2017. The line reopened on 01 June 2020, when the temporary station, Praha-Bubny Vltavska, located south of Praha Bubny and connected to the Metro Line C Vltavska station by a new entrance opened 15 August 2017, was closed.

Significant realignment work has been a theme in recent years with completion of a higher speed allowing curve immediately to the east of Usti nad Orlici on the Praha - České Trebova main line and a new 2km section south of Veseli nad Lužnici on the Praha - České-Budějovice line. In the future there is a proposal to upgrade between Česká Lípa and Mimon on the line to Liberec by 2022 which would involve around 2km of line straightening plus the relocation of Zákupy station.

070 Proposals announced in August 2018 to build a new electrified double track beside the D10 motorway line around the east of Mladá Boleslav from JR071 at Bezděčín to allow freight trains from Nymburk to reach the Skoda auto plant at Mladá Boleslav město without going through Mladá Boleslav hl.n. Construction could begin in 2019-2020. A new station, Mladá Boleslav východ, is proposed on the link which would form part of a future Praha - Mladá Boleslav passenger route if the Všejanská spojka (Lysá nad Labem - Milovice - Čachovice) projected line is built in the future. Mladá Boleslav hl.n is proposed to be completely rebuilt under the proposals. A direct curve from Mladá Boleslav město to line JR070 to avoid reversal at Mladá Boleslav hl.n is also planned. See.

Praha Metro Line B is to be extended from Zličin to Zličin metro depot. Construction work is now expected to start in 2026. See.

Closure of the eastern section of the metre gauge Liberec tramway interurban branch to Jablonec nad Nisou, between Liberec and Vratislavice from 18 July 2021 up to 19 November 2021, for conversion to standard gauge [1435 mm]. The remaining metre gauge section; from Vratislavice to the terminus at Jablonec nad Nisou also closed on 18 July 2021, for conversion to standard gauge, but this is expected to reopen during 2024. During the closure, metre gauge tramcars are being converted to standard gauge.

Recent changes

Changes with the timetable commencing 11 December 2022

(Re)openings
  • 089 (DB KBS 236) Varnsdorf Pivovar Kocour – Seifhennersdorf (DE) reopened on 11 June 2023 after 8 years of 'temporary closure', operated by 'Trilex'.
  • The interurban tramway between Most and Litvínov reopened on 1 May 2023 after some 2 years of closure for modernisation and rebuilding.
  • 304 Kojetín – Tovačov reopened on 1 July 2023 for a summer Saturday service running until 2 September, operated by Railway Capital, a.s.
Temporary Reopening
  • 240: Following damage to the viaduct over the Svratka river south of Brno hl.n. in December 2022, most weekday S4 services were diverted from 9 January 2023 to instead use Brno dolní nádraží thereby reopening this station with a regular service. This continued until the year-end timetable change in December 2023.
Closures
  • 062 Městec Králové - Křinec
  • 255 Hodonín - Kobylí na Moravě from 11 June 2023
  • 262 Boskovice – Velké Opatovice from 10 June 2023

Changes with the timetable commencing 12 December 2021

(Re)openings
  • A 1.2 km extension of Olomouc tramway lines 3 & 5, from Trnkova to U Kaplicky, opened on 1 November 2022.
  • 139: Dĕčin to Telnice reopened to summer weekend traffic on 02 April 2022, operated by KŽC.
  • 222: Vlašim – Trhový Štěpánov reopened to summer weekend traffic on 4 June 2022, operated by Railway Capital a.s.
  • 196: [Part] Votice – Sudoměřice u Tábora new line opened 30 June 2022.
Closures
  • 094: Vraňany - Lužec nad Vltavou
  • 204: Březnice – Rožmitál pod Třemšínem
  • 222: Vlašim – Trhový Štěpánov, but note summer weekend reopening, above.
  • 196: [Part] Votice - Sudoměřice u Tábora closed from 02 April 2022 for replacement by new line
  • 228: Jindřichův Hradec – Obrataň and
  • 229: Jindřichův Hradec – Nová Bystřice. These two narrow gauge lines suspended and replaced by bus services from 3 October 2022 as a result of the expiry of the operating licence of the owning company, JHMD. They hope to resume service at some point, and are apparently using the suspension to refurbish track and rolling stock.

Changes with the timetable commencing 13 December 2020

(Re)openings
  • 221: [Part] New line Praha-Vršovice - Praha-Hostivař via Praha-Eden opened.
  • 001/011 Praha-Vršovice – Praha-Malešice – Praha-Běchovice: Passenger services (one pair) re-introduced over this freight line.
Closures
  • 017 (Part) Chornice – Velké Opatovice
  • 221: (Part) Praha-Vršovice - Praha-Hostivař via Praha-Strašnice zastávka closed to all traffic, replaced by new route through former freight yard.

Passenger service withdrawals:

  • 012 (part, formerly 013) : Bošice - Bečváry with effect from 01 June 2021.
  • 063: Bakov nad Jizerou – Dolní Bousov, with effect from 01 November 2021.
  • 095: Straškov – Zlonice with effect from 01 November 2021.
  • 193: Netolice - Dívčice (- Číčenice) and Číčenice - Týn nad Vltavou, with effect from 25 June 2021 after carrier KPT ceased rail operations
  • 233: Čelákovice - Mochov with effect from 30 October 2021.

Changes with the timetable commencing 15 December 2019

240/244/250/260/300/340 Major reconstruction of Brno hlavni nádraží station, along with the signalling and control systems and bridge and track renewal, took place over the 2018/19 timetable period, resulting in closure of the station as a through route, with consequent alteration to all services. Services have reverted to normal routes through Brno hl.n.and all connecting routes with re-opening on 15 December 2019.

Brno as at July 2017


(Re)openings
  • 094 Vraňany - Lužec nad Vltavou: Line re-opened 01 July 2020 to a new fully accessible platform some 100m short of the former station, after installation of canal lift bridge. See.
  • 097 (Part) - Litoměřice horní nádraží – Chotiměř on 06 June 2020 with SSuO services until 27 September 2020 operated by AŽD Praha.
  • 120 - Praha-Bubny - Praha-Masarykovo (excl.) and the Praha Masarykovo avoiding curve: on 1 June 2020, following reopening of the "Negrelli" viaduct, closed since 4 July 2017.
  • 113/U10 [Former T4] Čížkovice - Obrnice; a full public rail service now operates from Litoměřice horní nádraží – Most run by AZD Praha.
  • 251 Hrušovany u Brna - Židlochovice. This included electrification.
  • A 1.4 km extension of Plzeň Tram line 4 to Borský Park in the Borská Pole industrial zone.
Closures
  • 001/011 Praha-Vršovice – Praha-Malešice – Praha-Běchovice: Passenger services over this freight line ceased with the new timetable.
  • 015 (Part)Heřmanův Městec - Prachovice service withdrawn 27 September 2020.
  • 090 Ústí nad Labem Jih. – Ústí nad Labem západ (Ústí nad Labem avoiding line). No service due to withdrawal of 1522 SX Lovosice to Ústí nad Labem západ train
  • 094 Vraňany - Lužec nad Vltavou: Temporary closure until 01 July 2020 for replacement of the bridge over the Vraňansko-hořínský Canal with a lifting bridge.
  • 132 (Part) Hradec u Kadanĕ - Poláky: The one March-to-October weekend-only train pair which extends past Kadaň on this branch from Kadaň-Prunéřov will be truncated by 5km and only run to the former request stop of Hradec u Kadanĕ in 2020. It last ran to Poláky in October 2019. However, it should be noted that summer Weekend services operated by Railway Capital continue over the whole line.

Older Changes

For details of older changes dating back to the year 2001 see Czech Republic - Older General Information.

Special Notes

At busy junctions in country areas it can sometimes be difficult to ascertain which is which train. Most units have a digital display on each side of the train but some older units only have a paper notice or laminated card in the door window. If there is any doubt, the departure indicator in the station should give the track number; these are numbered outwards from the station building starting at 1. Track numbers are often not given until shortly before departure to prevent people walking across the tracks when there may be train movements. Platform numbers can also be found by using the ČD app ("Můj Vlak").

At certain branch line termini or reversal points when the stock used is a railcar and trailer coach, the railcar will run round its trailer. By remaining on the railcar during this manoeuvre, a considerable extra distance beyond the terminal station platforms may be covered.

At the following locations trains on the indicated route make a reversal manoeuvre away from the main station area:

  • 041: Turnov (twice)
  • 074: Neratovice
  • 076: Mladá Boleslav
  • 144: Chodov (twice)
  • former 164: Kaštice ("Doupovská dráha" services from Kadaň and Krásný Dvůr)
  • 235: Kutná Hora hlavní n.

See also